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Ginger is known to many as a "spicy" addition to sushi, capable of "resetting the memory" of taste buds. However, in cooking, the role of ginger is much wider than we think: this root can be found in soups, desserts, drinks, and sauces. In medicine (both folk and scientific), ginger is used no less diversely. Traditional therapeutic practices include ginger in programs to treat colds, relieve symptoms of food poisoning, restore the liver, increase brain activity, and scientists are exploring the possibilities of using ginger to fight cancer. Useful properties of ginger Composition and calories Main substances (mg/100 g): Fresh root Pickled Water 78.89 92.3 Carbohydrates 17.77 4.83 Dietary fiber 2 2.6 Proteins 1.82 0.33 Sugar 1.7 - Fat 0.75 0.10 Calories (Kcal) 80 20 Minerals Potassium 415 36 Magnesium 43 4 Phosphorus 34 2 Calcium 16 74 Sodium 13 906 Iron 0.6 0.28 Zinc 0.34 0.04 Vitamins Vitamin C 5 - Vitamin PP 0.750 0.022 Vitamin B6 0.160 0.037 Vitamin B2 0.034 0.015 Vitamin B1 0.025 0.020 Fresh ginger contains a large amount of useful minerals, vitamins, essential oils, essential amino acids. Almost all of them are preserved in ginger powder. But pickled ginger cannot boast of the same usefulness. Moreover, in its composition, the level of sodium rises sharply, whose excess in the body can lead to increased pressure and edema. In addition, artificial sweeteners are often added to ginger marinade. Medicinal properties Of all the minerals, ginger has the most potassium, which will be useful for women taking diuretics to relieve tension in the premenstrual period. At this time, along with the liquid, the body loses a lot of potassium, and ginger helps to restore its level. Also, in tandem with phosphorus, potassium contributes to the supply of oxygen to the brain, and together with calcium, it controls neuromuscular activity. In combination with iodine and alkaline bases, which are rich in ginger, potassium has a positive effect on the body in diseases of the cardiovascular system and thyroid gland. In addition to potassium, ginger is rich in magnesium. The lack of this element is observed in most people. At particular risk are patients with poisoning, accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea, pregnant women and the elderly. Magnesium is very important for the functioning of the nervous system, as well as for the synthesis of proteins and the removal of toxic elements from the body. Moreover, magnesium has a beneficial effect on the condition of a person after a heart attack and reduces the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome in women. The high calcium content in ginger makes it especially beneficial for adult women (post-menopause) and the elderly. Calcium helps maintain normal blood pressure, ensures blood clotting, regulates the work of various enzymes. Its sufficient presence in the body helps prevent arrhythmias and muscle cramps. Due to the presence of fiber and pectin in its composition, ginger helps the digestive system. Ginger stimulates the secretion of the digestive glands of the stomach, has a beneficial effect on the microflora and intestinal motility. When using ginger, there is a decrease in gas formation and neutralization of toxins. In general, it activates the digestive system and speeds up metabolism. Also, this spicy root fights common problems such as the accumulation of cholesterol and high blood sugar. Ginger strengthens blood vessels and prevents thrombosis. By the way, the effect on the vessels and the improvement of blood circulation have a positive effect on the fight against sexual dysfunction in men. Ginger root contains a lot of vitamin C and B vitamins (B1, B2, B6, B9), which support the body's immune system, so ginger is recommended to eat in the initial stages of colds. In addition, ginger contains the alkaloid gingerol, which, together with essential oils, gives the root crop its specific smell and taste. A lot of useful properties are attributed to this compound, the main of which are: - suppression of nausea of any nature (caused by motion sickness, poisoning, toxicosis, etc.); - antibacterial effect; - relaxation of spasmodic muscle tissue; antioxidant activity (promotes renewal processes in the body); - increased thermogenesis - the production of heat in the body (has a warming effect). In medicine In medicine, ginger is used to make tinctures and powder. They are recommended for use in motion sickness, to improve digestion, as well as cholesterol and fat metabolism. As part of a comprehensive treatment, ginger-based preparations are prescribed for joint diseases (arthrosis, arthritis) and atherosclerosis. In addition, ginger essential oil can be found on the pharmaceutical market. It is actively used as aromatherapy in the treatment of various psycho-emotional disorders. Ginger oil is effective in the treatment of SARS. On its basis, inhalations are made, hot baths are taken with it, and it is used for rubbing. Effort is also made to create a new drug based on gingerol. Its action will be aimed at combating bronchial asthma. Conducting research on the respiratory tract, scientists at Columbia University in the USA found that gingerol-6 helps to eliminate spasms, relax muscle tissue and, as a result, expand the bronchi. It is worth noting that simply eating ginger will not help people with asthma, because we are talking, firstly, about the effect of the substance gingerol-6 in its pure form, and, secondly, in the experiments, the effect was done directly on the smooth muscles of the respiratory organs. It is important to note that the use of ginger is incompatible with the use of certain medications. For example, blood-thinning drugs combined with regular consumption of ginger, which also helps to reduce blood viscosity, can cause bleeding. It is not recommended to use ginger while taking drugs that lower sugar. In folk medicine In folk medicine, ginger root has a wide range of applications: infusions, powder, decoction, tea are prepared from it, it is used for compresses. People who do not tolerate long journeys are advised to take gingerbread or a piece of ginger root with them on the road - this helps to get rid of nausea. Also, half an hour before the intended trip, you can drink half a glass of water with one teaspoon of ginger powder. It is believed that this powder has a beneficial effect on the condition of the liver, and is sometimes even recommended for use as an additional therapeutic agent in the drug therapy of viral hepatitis and fatty liver. Ginger contributes to the restoration of cells and tissues and contributes to the normal functioning of the body. In addition, to increase the body's resistance to various viruses and infections (especially in the autumn-winter period), a vitamin mixture is prepared, consisting of 400 g of ginger root, 250 g of honey, 3-4 lemons and nuts. All ingredients must be ground with a blender or passed through a meat grinder, then transferred to a glass and stored in the refrigerator. Take the mixture one tablespoon per day. Decoction With frequent disorders of the digestive system, flatulence, indigestion, lack of appetite, folk healers advise taking ginger broth. You can prepare it by pouring one teaspoon of ginger powder with a glass of boiling water. Then leave the resulting mixture for 30 minutes on a steam bath and strain after cooling. It is necessary to take a decoction of a quarter cup 3 times a day, half an hour before meals. You can also add yarrow and chamomile flowers to the decoction. Tea For colds accompanied by fever, folk recipes recommend mixing two tablespoons of raspberry jam, one tablespoon of ginger honey and half a cup of strong tea. It is especially useful to drink this drink at night. If you are worried about a sore throat, then 25-50 g of ginger should be poured with hot water, adding honey and lemon, and drinking instead of tea. With a strong cough, you should take the juice of 1 ripe lemon, 2 tablespoons of purified glycerin and 1 tablespoon of ginger honey. The mixture should be stored in a cool place and taken one teaspoon at bedtime or, if necessary, 3-4 times during the day. Infusions With the help of an infusion of herbs with ginger honey, it is recommended to eliminate irritability, sleep disturbances, headaches and pain in the heart area that occurs in women during menopause or premenstrual syndrome. To prepare the infusion, you need to take 15 g of chamomile flowers and motherwort herb, 10 g of sage herb, St. John's wort, yarrow, rose hips, hawthorn flowers and calendula. Two tablespoons of this collection should be poured into 0.5 liters of hot ginger water and let the mixture brew for an hour. Then strain, add ginger honey and drink half a cup warm. Ginger can also be useful in case of male potency problems. It is believed that a tincture of 50 g of ginger powder, 10 g of clove and vanilla powder, 5 g of cinnamon powder and 1 kg of powdered sugar helps restore a normal erection. All this mixture must be poured with 2 liters of dry white wine, mixed and allowed to infuse in a cool dark place for a day, and then filtered through cheesecloth. Taking this remedy should be 20-30 minutes before sexual intercourse. Ginger tincture, according to traditional healers, helps to fight another male disease - prostatitis. To prepare it, you need to take 100 g of a root crop and 1 liter of vodka. Infuse for two weeks in a dark place, strain, and then take 15 drops three times a day 20 minutes before meals. External application Ginger compresses are used for colds, bruises, sprains and sciatica. Their action is aimed at reducing pain. To prepare a compress, you should take 2 teaspoons of ground ginger, 1 teaspoon of turmeric and half a teaspoon of chili pepper, filling it all with warm water. Then you need to leave the mixture to infuse in a dark place for about two weeks. Before use, warm the liquid, then apply it on a cotton cloth and attach it to the sore spot, securing it with cling film. With arthrosis and arthritis, rubbing the joints with ginger oil helps. A few tablespoons of freshly grated ginger are recommended to be poured with vegetable oil (preferably sesame) and let it brew in a dark place for 21 days. Then rub this oil on the affected areas. In oriental medicine In traditional Tibetan medicine, ginger is classified as a product that generates heat and cures diseases of mucus (problems with the digestive system, liver and kidneys) and wind (various infectious diseases). In the traditional system of Indian folk medicine, ginger is revered as the best spice and universal remedy for many ailments. It helps to get rid of nausea and vomiting, reduces the accumulation of gases in the intestines and stomach, relieves cramps in the abdominal cavity, relieves pain from inflammation of the joints. In China, ginger is considered a remedy for "full cold". It is used to improve blood circulation, normalize pressure, improve the functioning of the stomach and kidneys. This is one of the remedies used to quickly bring a person to his senses in fainting and shock. Ginger is also used in the practice of cauterization of biologically active points. Chinese doctors suggest that regular use of ginger can improve memory and maintain sobriety of mind until old age. The Chinese also refer to the root crop as an adaptogen of natural origin - products that help to cope with stress and, in general, with the adverse effects of the environment. In addition, according to the Chinese and Japanese, this is a very effective remedy in the fight against runny nose and sore throat. So, ginger broth is considered a traditional recipe. A few thin slices of the root are placed in 1 liter of chicken broth, a few cloves of garlic and a couple of green onions are added. This drink is drunk throughout the day. In addition, the Chinese boil Coca-Cola, add ginger and lemon to it, and drink this “potion” warm. Ginger is also used for food poisoning. Two teaspoons of finely chopped root are boiled in 0.5 liters of water, then filtered and drunk a quarter cup warm during the day. The Chinese claim that ginger also helps with a hangover. In order to recover faster, it is recommended to drink a tincture of root, tangerine, and brown sugar in the morning. In Scientific Research, Naturopaths at the University of Michigan conducted a study which found that ginger could be considered as a potential remedy for colorectal cancer. A group of people who were given 2 grams of ginger a day for a month had fewer markers of colon inflammation than those who took a placebo at the same time. Moreover, scientists have been able to prove the usefulness of ginger root for cancer patients who are undergoing chemotherapy. In most cases, patients complain of persistent nausea and vomiting, which doctors recommend to eliminate with the help of special antiemetic preparations. However, many patients complain that drugs relieve directly from the gag reflex, but not from the remaining feeling of nausea. In this case, ginger can come to the rescue. 1 g of the root daily three days before and three days after chemotherapy helps to overcome nausea. Interesting experiments on the appearance of cancer have recently been carried out in the USA. During experiments on mice with a predisposition to lung cancer, scientists were able to find out that the alkaloid capsaicin, similar to gingerol, (found in red pepper and gives it a sharpness) provokes the development of tumors in 100% of cases. Gingerol-6, in turn, caused the development of cancer in half of the experimental subjects, but the combination of capsaicin and gingerol led to the appearance of the disease in only 20% of the rodents. Researchers are now trying to determine the potential benefit of alkaloid interactions. After a series of studies, scientists from the University of Georgia came to the conclusion that ginger reduces pain in the muscles after intense physical exertion. They conducted an experiment in which 74 people took part. They were divided into two groups, for 11 days the representatives of one of them received 2 g of ginger daily, and the representatives of the other received a placebo. All participants performed a specific set of exercises with heavy weights to put a strain on the muscles of the hands and provoke a slight inflammation. As a result, participants in the ginger group experienced less inflammation. It has also been found that the alkaloids gingerol-6, gingerol-8 can be used to combat asthma. Usually, people suffering from this disease use bronchodilators (beta-agonists), which relieve spasms from the bronchi and allow normal breathing. Scientists conducted an experiment in which they tried to relieve bronchospasm in several different ways: separately with beta-agonists, separately with gingerol-6, and combinations of bronchodilators with gingerol-6 and gingerol-8. The best performance was demonstrated by a pair of beta-agonists + gingerol-6. Now scientists are trying to find out whether the effect of the alkaloid persists not with direct exposure to the respiratory system, but with the use of an aerosol. Finally, recent studies by German scientists have demonstrated the relationship of gingerol-6 with fresh breath. It turned out that this alkaloid provokes the production of saliva enzymes that destroy sulfur-containing components. The latter often cause bad breath. Thus, gingerol-6 can become the basis of new oral hygiene products. In dietetics According to popular belief, ginger is a miracle cure for weight loss. It is believed that the dropping of extra pounds occurs mainly due to the alkaloid gingerol-6. However, experts are not in a hurry with unambiguous conclusions. Conducted studies have indeed demonstrated the ability of the alkaloid to enhance thermogenesis and accelerate metabolic processes. Gingerol has also been noted to inhibit the accumulation of lipids by adipocytes (the cells that make up adipose tissue). However, all these experiments were carried out on isolated cells outside a living organism. Thus, experts agree that ginger is useful for overweight people, since it has a positive effect on metabolism. It can also be one of the factors affecting the change in weight, but the root crop itself does not have the magical ability to “burn” those extra pounds. The result can be achieved only by using ginger on the background of a healthy balanced diet and regular physical activity. In cooking Ginger is combined with almost any product, so it is used in cooking in a variety of ways: added to first and second courses, included in salads and desserts, sauces and many drinks are made based on it. In China, jam is made from the root crop, and ginger flour is produced in India. In Japan, the pickled root is used with different types of sushi to “zero out” the taste buds. Interestingly, ginger sweets were a favorite delicacy of Queen Elizabeth I, which made the root vegetable popular in those days in England. In addition to sweets, they even began to make beer on its basis, which was called ginger ale. Until now, in the UK, there is a tradition of preparing gingerbread cookies for Christmas. Royal confectioners even shared their recipe for this delicacy. To prepare 10 cookies, you need to mix: 150 g flour; 1.5 tsp baking powder for dough; 1/2 tsp salt; 1/2 tsp ground ginger; 1 tsp spice mixes (cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, cardamom, allspice); 100 g butter. Add 45 g of milk to this mixture, knead the dough and leave it for at least 2 hours (preferably overnight), wrapping it in cling film. Next, roll out the dough to 3 mm, cut out figures and bake at 180 °C until cooked. Cooled pastries are traditionally decorated with icing. Beverages Traditionally, grated ginger root is put into tea or prepared as an independent hot drink with the addition of honey, lemon, cinnamon and other spices. The fresh root is also often added to smoothies and freshly squeezed juices. In addition, ginger often becomes an ingredient in refreshing and tonic drinks with cucumber, lemon, mint, etc. Sometimes it is added to kefir or yogurt, and kvass is also made on it. In cosmetology Thanks to scientific studies that demonstrate the usefulness and discover new properties of ginger, its powder and extracts are increasingly included in the composition of various cosmetic products. Especially a lot of them appear on the Asian market, but gradually they find their audience in European countries. Given that gingerol improves blood circulation, ginger extract is often found in hair care products (in shampoos, balms, masks, lotions). It improves the blood supply to the scalp, nourishes the hair follicles and stimulates hair growth. However, you should be careful not to overdo masks and lotions on your hair, as this can lead to dry skin. You can prepare a mask to strengthen the hair also at home. To do this, mix grated ginger and jojoba oil in equal proportions. The mixture is rubbed into the skin and applied to the hair, leaving for 30 minutes, then rinse thoroughly. When it comes to skin care, ginger can often be found in facial products for oily skin. This is due to the fact that the root helps to even out the color, normalizes the sebaceous glands and effectively fights inflammation (acne). The tonic effect of ginger is also known, so it is added to anti-aging creams and gels. You should pay attention to the fact that ginger tends to dry out the skin, therefore, you need to control the time the mask stays on the face, and people with dry skin should avoid using them. Among folk recipes for ginger face masks, one can single out an anti-acne remedy. To prepare it, you need to mix 1 tsp. ground ginger, 1 tsp honey and some milk. The mixture is applied to the face for 10 minutes and then washed off with water. Also, to give a healthy complexion to the skin of the face, you can prepare a mask of 1 tsp. ground ginger, 1 tsp honey and 1 tsp. lemon juice. Before applying masks to the face, it is necessary to check whether they cause allergies by testing them on the wrist. Note that numerous folk recipes for anti-cellulite scrubs and ginger-based masks, as well as lip augmentation products, do not have a scientifically proven effect and, moreover, can be hazardous to health. Unconventional use In addition to the root itself, people in Asian countries actively use other parts of ginger. For example, flowers often become an element of decor. They do not fade for a long time and have a pleasant unobtrusive aroma. They decorate tables, are used to create bouquets and garlands. Also, beneficial are ginger leaves, in which enterprising market traders wrap products. As for the root itself, its unconventional use was seen during the filming of The Lord of the Rings. Typically, ginger is used to treat colds and relieve sore throats, but on the set, actor Andy Serkis was specially prepared with a mixture of excessively large doses of ginger, lemon and honey in order to burn his throat. This helped the actor speak in the creaky voice of his Gollum character. Dangerous properties of ginger and contraindications Despite the fact that ginger is full of nutrients and, in general, has a beneficial effect on the human body, it should be consumed in moderation. Moreover, it is impossible to replace drug treatment with a root crop. After consulting a doctor, it can be used in combination with medications. However, in some cases, it is better to refuse ginger altogether: while taking sugar-lowering drugs and blood thinners; with inflammatory bowel diseases (gastritis, enteritis); during the period of exacerbation of diseases of the heart, gallbladder, liver; with damage to the mucous membranes and bleeding; at too high a temperature; during pregnancy (second and third trimesters); children under 3 years old. Interesting Facts Ginger was discovered and cultivated in Asian countries. Assessing its taste and discovering its healing properties, the locals began to compose legends about it, use it in magical books. The root crop was credited with magical powers and quickly became part of folklore traditions. For example, in India, ginger was associated with power and success. It was also believed that it liberates fantasy, enhances sexual desire and gives special love pleasure. Mentions of it are found in the Kama Sutra. In ancient Indian magical books, the root was listed in recipes for creating love drinks. The influence of the root on sexual arousal in men was discovered by Chinese traditional healers, who gave the root a name that means “masculinity” in translation. And in Japan, the tradition of serving dishes with ginger on the Masculinity Day has been preserved to this day. In addition, references to the root crop can be found in the Arabian tales of the Thousand and One Nights. There, they talk about ginger as a spice that kindles passion. In Europe, Queen Elizabeth I was a big fan of ginger. It was with her light presentation that ginger sweets and, in particular, cookies in the shape of a man, which are still very popular, came into fashion. The presentation of the new delicacy was held on a grand scale - the Queen ordered to organize a ball, where the "ginger man" was first introduced to the guests. Moreover, the chefs tried to make the images on the sweets look like the most famous guests of the ball. Soon the famous "gingerbread house" appeared. By the way, in England, ginger was so loved that in London they even named a street in its honor. Botanical description Botanically, ginger is a genus of perennial herbaceous plants that belongs to the Ginger family. This genus includes the species - pharmacy or ordinary ginger (Latin zīngiber officināle). It is its rhizomes that are used in cooking and medicine. Origin of name Scientists believe that the Latin and Greek names for this plant (“zingiber” and “zingiberis”, respectively) are derived from the Prakrit word “singabera”, which, in turn, appeared due to the Sanskrit “srngaveram”, which meant “horned root”. Most likely, ginger was so named because of its appearance. History Ginger is an ancient plant, its properties have been known to man for more than 5000 years. The homeland of ginger is the region of Southeast Asia. Some researchers even name a more precise place - the Bismarck archipelago in the Pacific Ocean. However, now this plant is no longer found in the wild in nature. India, China, Australia, Indonesia, Barbados, Jamaica and others are engaged in cultivation of ginger. Scientists say that the cultivation of ginger was first started in India in the III-IV century BC., and from there it came to China. Also, the root crop was brought to Egypt, where it received the attention of many healers, and Alexandria for a long time became the center of ginger sale. Ginger was also popular in Europe. The ancient Greeks and Romans used it both as a seasoning for various dishes and as a medicine. For example, it was often eaten during feasts, because it was known that it eliminates the unpleasant consequences of overeating. The ancient Roman writer Pliny Sr. in his work noted the warming and antidote effects of ginger and described its benefits for digestion. The physician Claudius Galen in his work "On the Parts of the Human Body" called ginger root a cure for sexual impotence. Ginger was popular among European sailors. Going on long voyages, they took with them special pots in which they grew ginger, escaping from scurvy, various infections and seasickness. In addition, the refreshing pleasant smell of the root crop prompted the Romans to create aromatic salt, which was actively used by noble ladies of that time. Arab merchants who brought ginger to Europe surrounded it with an aura of mystery. They told stories about mythical monsters guarding the lands where the root grows, and about the dangers that lie in wait for hunters of this spice. Naturally, this increased the interest of buyers and at the same time made it possible to inflate prices for the “magic” product. For example, in England, half a kilogram of ginger root cost about the same as a ram or sheep. However, wealthy families did not spare money for overseas plant, and ginger was widely distributed in England, France, Germany, starting from the 9th-10th centuries. n. e. Especially rare and exquisite delicacy was considered gingerbread, which was served at the tables of many European kings. In the 16th century in Europe, ginger was recognized as an effective means of preventing cholera, and was also used in the treatment of plague. Ginger root came to America at the beginning of the 16th century and immediately gained great popularity among the locals. In Russia, in the collection of instructions on all issues of the organization of life, Domostroy, there are the first written references to ginger. In Kievan Rus, ginger was considered an essential ingredient in kvass, mash, liqueurs and Easter cakes. Varieties In Europe, ginger comes mainly in the form of a ripened root with a yellowish-brown skin and a light yellow core. However, in Asia there are a large number of different types of root crops. Two types are mainly distinguished: black ginger, which is not subjected to any pre-treatment (it is more pungent in taste and has a more pronounced smell); white ginger - peeled from a dense surface layer. In addition, depending on the variety, the roots of white ginger can have a different shape: rounded, elongated, flattened. Sometimes they differ in flavors or have colored streaks. At the same time, regardless of the variety, the root crop becomes more piquant when ripe. In Asian countries, where ginger has long been included in the daily diet of local residents, it is often eaten young. For example, Thais prefer roots harvested in March. By this time, the roots do not yet have time to become hard and too hot. Such ginger does not even have a need to remove the skin layer. Usually it is simply washed and eaten. By the way, you can often see pink or red pickled ginger on store shelves. Many mistakenly believe that this is a special variety of root. In fact, manufacturers simply use safe food coloring to make the product more attractive. In nature, ginger only has a pinkish tint if it is harvested before it is fully ripe. Growing features Ginger practically does not produce seeds, so it is grown by dividing the rhizome, from which the ground part of the plant develops - spirally pointed leaves and flowers of yellow-orange and purple, collected in spike-shaped inflorescences. This plant thrives best in warm, humid climates. Harvested usually 6–10 months after planting, when the leaves begin to turn yellow. Dug up root crops must be washed and dried in the sun. Ginger is grown in warm climates and indoors. By the way, ginger looks very nice as a flower and has a pleasant lemon aroma. Usually they plant a root crop with live buds (if the buds are dry, put the root in warm water for several hours) in a shallow and wide pot in early spring. It is best to use the soil for vegetables (you can add fertilizer for root crops). Growing ginger is impossible without good drainage. Despite the fact that the plant loves moisture, stagnant water usually leads to root rot. Ginger is also photophilous, but reacts badly to direct sunlight. In the warm season, it can be taken out to the balcony, terrace or garden. Selection and storage Choosing ginger is a simple matter. It is important that it be free of external damage, blackening and stains. The ginger root should be firm and not too dry. It is believed that the darker the skin and core, the more mature and therefore more vigorous the product. It is advised to store ginger in the refrigerator, because at room temperature it usually does not lie for more than 10 days - it dries out. If you have a piece of peeled or chopped / grated ginger left, it should be put in a closed glass and refrigerate. It is also recommended to pour the peeled root crop with white wine - this helps to preserve all its active substances. In addition, ginger can be dried. To do this, it is cut into thin slices and placed in an oven with air convection. The root is dried, as a rule, at a temperature of 45-60 °C. In this form, the root crop loses 20-30% of gingerol, but most of the useful elements are still preserved in full. Ginger remains useful both when powdered and pickled, but does not tolerate freezing very well. When exposed to low temperatures, ginger does not lose its taste, but it loses many useful elements. Attention! The information is for informational purposes only and is not intended to diagnose or prescribe treatment. Consult with a specialized doctor!
- Useful properties of bay leaf
Bay leaf (luarus nobilis), a popular spice with an incomparable Mediterranean aroma, is the collected and well-dried leaves of the noble laurel. Surely in your kitchen there are several fragrant bay leaves. Soups, stews and sauces - almost every dish will taste better if you add a little healthy bay leaves to it. CONTENT 1 Nutritional value 2 Healing properties Against infections and sweating Prevention of diabetes and heart disease Wound healing properties 3 Precautions The nutritional value 1 tbsp. of bay leaves contains approximately 111 conventional units of vitamin A, 3 µg of folate, 0.8 mg of vitamin C, 0.03 mg of niacin, 15 mg of calcium, 10 mg of potassium, 2 mg of phosphorus and magnesium, and 0.77 mg of iron. As for calories, there are especially few of them in the bay leaf, that is, only 6 calories in 1 tbsp., according to the US National Agricultural Library. By itself, bay leaves do not contain cholesterol and sodium. There are really quite a lot of carbohydrates in the bay leaf, or 1.35 g in 1 tbsp. This, without a doubt, dietary product contains a little vegetable fiber (about 0.5 g) and protein (about 0.14 g). Healing properties In addition to the undoubted culinary value of bay leaves, the beneficial properties of this seasoning also deserve attention. Especially worth noting is the use of bay leaves for the treatment of headaches and migraines, as a pain reliever, to combat indigestion. Despite the fact that most of the beneficial qualities of the bay leaf until today were exclusively in the competence of alternative medicine, official science has finally found the time and means to confirm or refute the exceptional healing power of the bay leaf. Against infections and sweating Bay leaves, and in particular a decoction based on them, have been used in folk medicine for many centuries. Firstly, a decoction of bay leaves was a diuretic and emetic. And the astringent components of this seasoning, which is very popular in the world, endowed it with the strength to fight various kinds of infections. Bay leaf relieves excessive sweating, which is so characteristic for patients with the flu or colds. Prevention of diabetes and heart disease In 2009, the Journal of Clinical and Nutritional Biochemistry featured an article reviewing two studies on the effects of bay leaves on blood sugar levels and effects on patients with type II diabetes. Participants of the experiment received from 1 to 3 g of extract of laurel nobilis daily for 30 days. Surprising results were obtained: in all experimental patients, there was a decrease in blood glucose, as well as cholesterol and triglycerides. Since having diabetes increases your risk of developing any kind of heart disease, successfully addressing the underlying cause has the big bonus of a healthy heart. From this point of view, the bay leaf is just an ideal companion, because it not only normalizes the production and acceptance of insulin by the body. It also improves markers of heart health. Wound healing properties In the science of treating the body with herbs, the bay leaf occupies an honorable place already due to the fact that it has excellent wound healing properties. Modern medicine has only confirmed what folk wisdom has known for a long time. In 2006, an experiment on rats was covered in the journal Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Laboratory animals given 200 mg of bay leaf extract per kg of body weight showed accelerated wound healing within 10 days. And only in 2011, the origins of the wound-healing properties of the bay leaf were revealed in the journal Natural Products Research. As it turned out, its extract contains active substances that are effective against many pathogenic organisms (Staphylococcus aureus, hemolytic streptococcus, aspergillus and candida albicans). Precautionary measures In nature, there are several varieties of bay leaves, but you can eat the leaves of only one plant - the noble laurel. According to the American Herbal Society, true bay leaves are easily confused with California bay leaves, which are extremely dangerous to the central nervous system and can cause respiratory problems.
- Useful properties and contraindications of marjoram
Marjoram (Orīganum majorāna) is a plant with a characteristic taste that has received the approval of culinary experts on all continents. Marjoram brightens perfumes with a spicy aroma and easily gives its useful qualities to people. The ancient Greeks were the first to appreciate the unusual properties of marjoram. This fragrant herb was considered a strong aphrodisiac, helped to strengthen love, and was often present in the composition of wine. In the 16th century, marjoram spread widely from India to the Mediterranean countries. A plant with a pleasant aroma and taste quickly found application in cooking. Marjoram was added to soups, meat and vegetable dishes, liqueurs, beer and refreshing drinks. Referred to by the Arabs as "incomparable" (marijamie), marjoram received a more prosaic name in Europe - "sausage herb". The special taste and smell of Bavarian sausages with the addition of spices served as an example for the widespread use of the plant in the preparation of minced meat. Dry marjoram leaves were sniffed as tobacco, which, in addition to sneezing, was supposed to "enlighten the mind and refresh the memory." A member of the mint family, marjoram has a spicy smell and taste. The plant reaches a length of 40-50 cm. Small oval leaves are oppositely located on numerous tetrahedral stems. The entire ground part is covered with small villi, giving the plant a velvety appearance. Marjoram blooms in mid-summer with white and pink flowers collected in false ears. Perennial marjoram plants are found wild in warm countries: in Turkey, in northern Africa, in the Mediterranean. In severe winters, marjoram is cultivated as an annual plant. On an industrial scale, the plant is grown in India, Egypt, South America and the Middle East. CONTENT 1 Nutritional value 2 Medicinal properties 3 Application in cooking 4 In perfumery and cosmetology 5 Contraindications 6 Method of application Tea Ointment Oil 7 Gathering and harvesting The nutritional value In the leaves of marjoram, in addition to the essential oil, contains proteins, fats, carbohydrates and vegetable fiber. Energy value in 100 g - 271 kcal. The medicinal properties of the plant acquired due to the rich content: - B vitamins: B1, B2, B6, B12 and ascorbic acid; - fat-soluble vitamins: A, E, K; - organic acids; - bitterness and tannins; - trace elements: iron, copper, zinc, selenium, manganese; - macronutrients: phosphorus, sodium, calcium, potassium, magnesium. Medicinal properties The composition of the medicinal part of the plant makes its use universal in case of reduced immunity, low hemoglobin and hypovitaminosis. The herb exhibits medicinal properties in diseases of the stomach, relieves pain and spasms. Improves digestion and appetite. It has a mild choleretic and laxative effect. Marjoram is used for colds. Tea and inhalations have the ability to alleviate cough, improve sputum discharge and have an anti-inflammatory effect on the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract. The plant treats runny nose and inflammation of the paranasal sinuses in children and adults. Ingestion in the form of herbal tea or with the addition of essential oil tones, relieves depression and irritability, relieves headaches, and has a beneficial effect on the vessels of the brain and heart. Replaces salt in a salt-free diet for people with diabetes and kidney disease. The relaxing, warming and analgesic properties of marjoram oil are used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, sprains, myositis, bruises. Massage relieves swelling and pain in sports and domestic injuries. On wound surfaces, the herb acts as an antimicrobial and wound healing agent. Application in cooking The main use of marjoram found in cooking. As a spicy seasoning, fresh leaves are used in salads, sauces, ketchup, cold appetizers, and drinks. In dry form, add to soups, vegetable, meat and fish dishes. During heat treatment, the taste and useful qualities of marjoram are partially lost. Therefore, it is added at the end of cooking. Marjoram is used alone or mixed with other aromatic herbs for a wide range of dishes. A pronounced smell with a slight hint of cardamom and a bitter-sharp taste go well with the aromas of nutmeg, bay leaf, black pepper. In the recipe, marjoram perfectly replaces oregano and gives excellent taste to pizza, pasta, lasagna. For dressing salads, healthy vinegar or oil mixtures with marjoram are prepared. A few leaves of the plant, added to vinegar or olive oil, give the dressing a delicate aroma and characteristic taste after 5–7 days infusion. In the food industry, marjoram is involved in the preparation of sausages, cheeses, beer, other alcoholic and refreshing drinks, and is added to marinades when canning zucchini, squash, cucumbers and tomatoes. Marjoram in perfumery and cosmetology The aroma of marjoram refreshes the floral bouquets of eau de toilette and eau de parfum, harmonizing with the aromas of bergamot, chamomile, patchouli, rose and citrus oils. As a cosmetic, marjoram shows useful qualities in strengthening the hair follicle, promotes hair growth, and softens rough skin. For acne and enlarged pores, the antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties of marjoram are used. Contraindications Marjoram is harmless to the body in reasonable dosages, but when consumed excessively, it causes headache and weakness. Checking the reaction is quite simple - apply a drop of oil to a small area of the skin. A slight burning sensation is a normal reaction, and if there is no redness and itching, then there are no contraindications. You can safely use marjoram as a spice, medicinal or cosmetic. Contraindications for use: - pregnancy; - children's age up to 5 years; - tendency to hypotension; - individual sensitivity to essential oils and herbal ingredients. Mode of application Tea Tea from dried and fresh marjoram is prepared at the rate of 1 tsp. raw materials in a glass of boiling water. After 5 minutes, the drink can be drunk in small sips, but no more than 2 cups per day. Ointment To prepare the ointment at home, you will need pounded marjoram herb and wine alcohol (1 tsp each). The mixture is kept for several hours, then mixed with 1 tsp. butter, heat in a water bath for 10 minutes, filter and cool. Marjoram oil has found application as rubbing, compresses, massage products, inhalations, applications and internal use: Marjoram oil intake. With green tea in the amount of 2-3 drops per glass or a mixture of vegetable and marjoram oil on a piece of bread (2 drops each). Cream for rubbing and massage. In 10 g of the base, add 6-10 drops of marjoram oil according to the purpose, mix. Inhalations. Pour 2-3 drops of marjoram oil into a container of hot water. Procedure duration: up to 5 minutes. Applications. An effective remedy that softens rough skin and calluses is prepared by mixing marjoram and olive oil (5 drops each). Apply to problem areas of the skin and calluses, which are easily removed after several procedures. Collection and preparation of marjoram herb At the beginning of summer, when the plant is just entering the flowering phase. Gathered in bundles, the herb is dried under a canopy or in a ventilated room. Dry leaves for storage are folded into paper bags. Within 3 years, marjoram will not lose its beneficial qualities and can be used for external and internal use. Marjoram oil from fresh green or dry mass is obtained by water-steam distillation, which preserves the medicinal properties of the plant. Store in tightly closed dark glass bottles, protected from direct sunlight.
- Benefits of Basil and Nutritional Value
Basil has powerful protective properties, it is able to protect the body from viruses, bacteria, parasites, as well as from the harmful effects of radionuclides. To avoid health problems, experts advise eating basil as often as possible. After all, any disease is better to prevent than to cure. CONTENT 1 Nutritional value 2 What is useful Arthritis treatment 3 In cooking Nutritional value Basil has excellent antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and antispasmodic properties. No wonder, because it contains essential oils, camphor (good for the heart muscle), tannins, minerals and vitamins: - vitamin A (carotene) - very important for skin, hair and nails; - B1 and B2 vitamins - contribute to the strengthening of the cardiovascular and central nervous system (hereinafter, the central nervous system); - vitamins C and P - cleanse blood vessels and strengthen their walls. What is useful in basil Natural essential oils are very effective in the prevention and treatment of pathologies associated with CNS depression, poor circulation and breathing difficulties. Basil has properties that are similar to the action of antibiotics. This spicy-aromatic herb solves problems associated with inflammation of the internal organs, eyes and skin. Basil juice is good for skin infections. Anti-inflammatory properties. The use of basil in many inflammatory processes (flu, lung and colds) and high temperature gives a positive result. It removes mucus from the lungs and nasal passages. Inflammation of the lungs, bronchi, gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, liver and urogenital area, fresh or dry basil also heals. Disinfectant properties have proven themselves in the fight against bacteria, viral and fungal infections. Thus, inflammatory processes in the oral cavity caused by pathogenic microflora are easily treatable with basil. From helminths. Basil is an excellent remedy for worms that can live in the human body for years without manifesting itself. Basil is a great alternative to drugs with a long list of contraindications and side effects. From respiratory diseases you will be saved by the constant use of basil for food, fresh or in the form of decoction and infusions. With a strong, prolonged cough and whooping cough, doctors advise adding it to every dish or drinking a decoction until the cough stops. Prevention of hepatitis and other dangerous diseases. Nowadays, many are forced to stay in crowded rooms, eat in public places, where there is always a threat of contracting serious infectious diseases, such as hepatitis. For the prevention of such diseases, basil is more suitable than any other edible herb in the world. It has great immune boosting power. Even such a formidable disease as HIV recedes before the powerful protective forces of the basil. The wound-healing properties of basil were known in ancient times in India and Tibet, when herbs served as medicines for people. Since then, the basil has been studied in detail, and many new items have been added to the list of its beneficial actions. Although even today, some of the healing qualities of basil remain unclear and require confirmation by scientists. Because of stress, cardiovascular diseases often occur, and in old age, in addition to a sick heart, headaches appear associated with an increase or decrease in pressure. If you include basil in the daily diet of such patients, you can save them or significantly reduce the effects of hypertension and hypotension. The aging of the body is usually associated with the negative influence of the environment. Dietary intake of nitrates, heavy metals and other harmful substances causes premature cell aging. Vision deteriorates, headaches intensify and become more frequent, joint diseases make themselves felt and the risk of malignant tumors increases. Basil will help to avoid all of these ailments, give a chance to preserve youth and health of the body for a long time. Basil as a seasoning promotes the absorption of nutrients in the digestive tract, improves memory and sharpens perception. Arthritis treatment Two varieties of basil, which are widely used in the medical practice of Ayurveda, have proven to the scientific community the real effectiveness in combating inflammation and swelling. Now the treatment and prevention of arthritis have become easier. Ayurveda originated in India over 2000 years ago and has successfully survived to this day, spreading its influence to neighboring countries. At the annual meeting of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society in Manchester, an Indian pharmacist from Pune, V. Shinde, announced his findings on the research of two varieties of basil, which are used in Ayurveda to combat bronchitis, bronchial asthma, skin diseases, fevers and arthritis. External application of natural basil extract resulted in a 73% tumor reduction already 24 hours after treatment of diseased areas. The results are similar to those of diclofenac, a chemical anti-inflammatory drug that is widely used by doctors around the world to combat arthritis. Shinde confirmed the effectiveness of basil in the treatment of arthritis. After that, the question arose of a detailed assessment of the chemical composition of basil for the development of new medicines. A detailed description of the study on the beneficial properties of basil and its effect on arthritis patients can be found in the Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 2005, No. 49. In cooking This is one of the most beloved and indispensable plants in the diet of the Caucasian people. Not a single dish is prepared without it. Perhaps that is why there are so many centenarians in the Caucasus. Basil goes well with meat dishes, it is also good in soups and salads. It is valued for its unusual, rich taste with many shades: spicy, burning, bitter, with a taste of black pepper and camphor aroma. Let there always be a bunch of healthy basil on your table for effective protection against viruses and other diseases.
- Pomegranate vinegar - benefits and harms, description
Few people know about pomegranate vinegar. If until now you are convinced that nothing is more useful than apple cider vinegar, this article will convince you, or at least make you think. CONTENT 1 What is it 2 Benefits of pomegranate vinegar 3 Potential harm and drug interactions 4 Pomegranate vinegar in cosmetology 5 Where can I buy 6 Application in cooking What to cook with pomegranate vinegar? Salad dressing with mustard Salad dressing with garlic 7 How to make pomegranate vinegar at home 8 Storage subtleties 9 Expert sources What it is Pomegranate Vinegar (5-6%) is a ruby-colored liquid with fruity sweetness and high acidity. No added sugar. And what wonderful healing properties! A quality product is made from organic direct-pressed pomegranate juice, and not from a concentrate by multi-stage fermentation (natural fermentation by acetic acid bacteria). The liquid is not pasteurized or filtered to preserve natural nutrients. Calorie content: 33 kcal per 100 ml. Benefits of pomegranate vinegar Vinegar, made from pomegranate seeds, contains three times more antioxidants than green tea and has numerous health benefits: For the gastrointestinal tract. The product is rich in acetic acid, which aids digestion. This acid increases the body's ability to absorb essential nutrients from food (vitamins and minerals). Replenishes calcium deficiency. People suffering from lactose intolerance have to give up the consumption of dairy products, and with it, a fair dose of calcium in their diet. To restore the balance of this trace element in the body, you need to eat more spinach, broccoli and garlic. And do not forget about pomegranate vinegar, as it provides better absorption of calcium from food. Fights cancer. As for the antitumor potential of pomegranate vinegar, animal experiments are already showing good results. In 2001, a group of Israeli scientists led by Dr. Ephraim Lansky published a report in which they showed the results of research: it turns out that pomegranate vinegar causes the self-destruction of breast cancer cells without affecting healthy cells. Also: - Helps the body fight diabetes, cancer and osteoporosis by improving the absorption of nutrients in the intestines. - Reduces cholesterol levels, normalizes blood pressure (2001 studies by M. Aviram and L. Dornfeld). Like apricot kernels and pomegranate juice, pomegranate seed vinegar lowers the concentration of cholesterol in the blood and normalizes blood pressure. It reduces the risk of developing heart disease and the likelihood of stroke, improves blood flow, and reduces the stiffness of the arteries. The secret is the high levels of polyphenols compared to other fruit vinegar. And high concentrations of potassium. In addition, pomegranate vinegar contains three groups of antioxidants key to heart health: tannins, anthocyanins, and ellagic acid. - Improves memory and fights mood swings. Pomegranate vinegar is rich in flavonoids, plant antioxidants that have a positive effect on brain cells and strengthen memory. It combats depression and mood swings during menopause in women due to the content of estrone - a natural form of estrogen, which is also found in this vinegar. - Reduces blood sugar levels in type II diabetes (up to 54%), and improves the functioning of beta cells in the pancreas. - Saturates the body with iron and prevents the development of iron deficiency anemia. Shows strong antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties, as it contains malic acid, which kills microbes. There are studies that even note a positive trend in HIV patients with regular intake of pomegranate vinegar. How to drink pomegranate vinegar? To experience the healing power of pomegranate vinegar, add it to salads or take it as a drink (1 tablespoon per glass of clean water at room temperature) on an empty stomach 30 minutes before meals. Can be combined with apple cider vinegar: take 1 tsp. each, and diluted in water. In addition to pure drinking water, it is allowed to use mineral water (carbonated and still), as well as herbal tea. How to use for weight loss? Pomegranate vinegar is rich in antioxidants, flavonoids, polyphenols, and conjugated linolenic acid. Studies show that a drink diluted with water stimulates enzymes that break down body fat. At the biochemical level, it also affects the cells involved in glucose metabolism, which promotes natural weight loss without diets. Drink water daily with 20-40 ml of pomegranate vinegar before, during or after any two meals. In parallel, diet is not required. How long will the therapeutic effect of pomegranate appear? According to numerous studies, the first noticeable improvements, especially in the treatment of hypertension, can be tracked after 5 days from the start of administration. But the maximum therapeutic effect will appear after 2-4 weeks. Potential harm and drug interactions The only side effect noted by experts is an allergic reaction with increased sensitivity to pomegranate extract. Symptoms are standard: runny nose, itching and skin rashes, in rare cases, swelling of the respiratory tract (requires immediate hospitalization). Pomegranate vinegar may interact negatively with high blood pressure medications. This means that when taken at the same time, there is a high risk of a sharp drop in blood pressure and a deterioration in well-being. Therefore, the use of a drink for medicinal purposes is contraindicated for those who take the following drugs or their analogues: Captopril (Capoten), Enalapril (Vazotek), Lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril), Ramipril (Altache). Pomegranate vinegar in cosmetology The product has bright cosmetic properties. In the beauty industry, pomegranate vinegar, when applied topically and ingested, benefits the skin, hair and nails, improves their condition, nourishes at the cellular level, protects against premature aging and the destructive attacks of free radicals. Vinegar can be used neat as an organic, low-allergenic facial toner. Is it good for the skin? What is good for hair? Where can I buy Pomegranate vinegar is popular in Mediterranean countries, the Middle East and North Africa. Italy, Spain, Montenegro, Turkey, Iran, Israel, Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Algeria are sunny countries where pomegranates grow. It's easier to find pomegranate vinegar there. Balsamic pomegranate vinegar If it is not possible to go hunting for pomegranates, elite chain stores will come to the help, as well as online health food stores: Amazon, iHerb. The Koreans recognized the potential of the healthy food market in time, so they began to produce a whole series of fruit vinegar, including pomegranate, raspberry, blueberry, and even persimmon-based. These are the so-called Hongcho fruit concentrates (Korean - 홍초, English - Hongcho), prepared using a three-stage fermentation technology. According to the manufacturer, all the beneficial substances of fermented berries are preserved in such products, including B vitamins. Application in cooking Pomegranate vinegar in cooking offers a less acidic alternative to balsamic vinegar - with a sweeter and more fruity flavor. When handling the pomegranate vinegar product, be aware that it can easily stain clothing, fingers, wallpaper, wood furniture, and porous countertops. What to cook with pomegranate vinegar? A recipe for almost any dish includes vinegar on the ingredient list. These can be sauces (mixed with olive oil, garlic, basil, lemon and mustard) for fish or poultry, salsa, dressings for fruit and berry salads and soups, vinaigrette, tofu, various marinades, jellies, cocktails, smoothies and even sangria. In pomegranate vinegar, you can and should marinate meat and gherkins. It turns out very tasty. Gourmets will appreciate. In cocktails, this fermentation product goes well with apple or pineapple juice, ginger, turmeric, bee honey. Salad dressing with mustard Ingredients: 2 tbsp. pomegranate vinegar; 1 tbsp. liquid honey; 1 tbsp Dijon mustard; 1 tsp black pepper; ¾ cup extra virgin olive oil; salt to taste. Cooking method. Combine pomegranate vinegar, honey, mustard, salt and pepper. Then slowly add olive oil while stirring constantly, beat until smooth. Salad dressing with garlic Ingredients: ¼ cup pomegranate vinegar; ¼ cup olive oil; a pinch of pepper to taste; a pinch of dried garlic Preparation Method: Whisk all ingredients together until smooth. How to make pomegranate vinegar at home Making pomegranate vinegar is not so easy, because the process of preparation and fermentation is delicate and sensitive. It is easy to spoil the product if you use a large number of grains (clear juice is needed for proper fermentation). And here is the recipe itself: Recipe of pomegranate vinegar Get 4 kg of ripe pomegranate fruit (this amount will make approximately 1 liter of homemade vinegar). To squeeze the juice from a pomegranate quickly and safely, gently knead a whole pomegranate in its skin with your fingers. Then make a cross-shape cut near where the pomegranate was attached to the tree branch. Turn the pomegranate with the hole toward the bowl and squeeze the pomegranate juice from the cut, gently pressing with your fingers on the whole pomegranate peel. The squeezed juice you pour into a clean glass jar and refrigerate for 2 days. This is necessary so that the crushed seeds settle to the bottom - it will be easier to filter the valuable liquid. After filtering, pour pure juice into a new glass container, cover the neck with clean gauze folded in several layers, secure with an elastic band. Place the jar in a dark place for 30 days. Then filter again and leave to ferment naturally for another 2 months. Filter again and refrigerate. The details of storage Vinegar should be stored in a glass container in a cool place away from direct sunlight. If you keep a bottle of pomegranate vinegar on your kitchen shelf, it will quickly lose its wonderful properties. You can freeze fruit vinegar in an ice cube container, and then take it out of the freezer as needed and add it to drinks, sauces, salad. The shelf life of homemade pomegranate vinegar in the refrigerator is up to six months. But if you analyze industrial products, the label often indicates a shelf life of 12 to 24-36 months. This shelf life can only be achieved by adding preservatives. Consider this when choosing.
- Pomegranate leaves - healthy tea
You can take pomegranate leaves as a tea, paste, extract or even juice, sometimes in combination with pomegranate seeds and flowers (buds). At the moment, it has already been proven that the substances contained in this plant material contribute to digestion and the treatment of certain infectious diseases. Pomegranate leaves have also been studied for their appetite suppressant and weight loss effects. They will also be useful for skin problems and insomnia. For weight loss “Pomegranate leaf extract helps suppress appetite, one of the main culprits of obesity when the diet is high in fat,” writes Li Zhong Du of Tsinghua University in Beijing. Until now, the attention of scientists has been focused on the fruits of the pomegranate. A new study published in the International Journal of Obesity has changed this situation and shifted the focus of scientific thought towards pomegranate leaves. The effect of pomegranate leaf extract was tested on mice, the menu of which included saturated fat components that cause obesity and hyperlipidemia (increased concentration of fats in the blood). The experimental animals were divided into 2 groups, one of which, in addition to the main diet, was given pomegranate leaf extract (PLE) at 400-800 mg/kg daily for 5 weeks. Compared to a control group of mice that gained more than 20% over the course of the experiment, the PLE-treated mice showed remarkably healthy results. Pomegranate leaves contain substances that promote faster and better breakdown of fats in the digestive tract, as well as trigger special enzymatic processes that suppress appetite. This is one of the most effective weight loss products. Benefits for digestion Tea brewed with pomegranate leaves is recommended by herbalists for indigestion at the level of mild discomfort. Of course, with severe pain and other severe symptoms, you need to seek medical help. Due to its powerful antibacterial properties, the juice obtained from pomegranate leaves and seeds is especially good in the treatment of dysentery, an infectious disease accompanied by severe pain and diarrhea. Leaf paste From this vegetable raw material, you can prepare a medicinal paste. The leaves are dried, crushed and mixed with a small volume of liquid. This paste is used to treat conjunctivitis and other eye infections. For maximum effectiveness, it should be applied to the affected areas as often as possible. There were no serious side effects in the treatment with pomegranate leaf paste. Recipes For liver and digestion, gather pomegranate leaves, wash and dry in the shade. Next, grind to a powder state. Take 3 g twice a day. For insomnia, grind dried pomegranate leaves. Add 3 g of the resulting powder to 200 ml of water and keep on fire until the liquid is reduced to one quarter of its original volume. Drink before bed to help you fall asleep faster. To combat wrinkles, 1 part pomegranate leaf juice is boiled over low heat in half a part of sesame oil until all the liquid has evaporated. The resulting oil has a strong anti-aging effect due to the high concentration of active ingredients. Use this oil regularly. With eczema, juice squeezed out of pomegranate leaves improves the affected areas of the skin. Leaf decoction is good for coughing. In addition to pomegranate greens, you will need pomegranate buds, tulsi leaves and black pepper (2-3 peas). All these ingredients must be boiled in water for several minutes. Warm broth is filtered and drunk. You can also read about tulsi tea (Indian plant, mostly). A mixture of juice from fresh pomegranate leaves and sesame oil in equal proportions will save you from ear pain. Instill a few drops in each ear. In the case of sores in the oral cavity, 20-25 g of pomegranate leaves are crushed, thrown into water (400 ml) and boiled until the volume is reduced to one quarter. Then the decoction is filtered and gargled with it. As you can see, pomegranate leaves are no less useful than the fruits we are used to. It is particularly interesting the dietary effect of these greens, coupled with powerful antiviral properties.
Rosemary is an evergreen shrub from the Lamiaceae family. It first became known to the inhabitants of the Mediterranean, and then spread to the territories of North Africa, as well as the Transcaucasus, Crimea and Central Asia. It has a well-developed root system, up to 3 meters long, contributes to its growth on the slopes of the mountains, where the climate is dry and rainfall is in summer. The groundwater that feeds on rosemary allows it to be green all year round. The length of the stems is from half a meter to one and a half meters. Content: What is rosemary and what does it look like what is the difference between thyme and rosemary Composition and calories Useful properties of rosemary for women for men during pregnancy when breastfeeding for kids when losing weight Benefits of rosemary tea Rosemary Essential Oil: Properties and Uses The use of rosemary in folk medicine decoction water infusion alcohol tincture inhalation Rosemary in cosmetology for face for hair Rosemary in cooking where it is added as a condiment what can replace Harm and contraindications How to choose and store rosemary How to grow rosemary at home Interesting Rosemary Facts What is rosemary and what does it look like This is a plant with a grayish-brown bark, with 4-sided branches, on which elongated voluminous leaves are located. Outwardly and to the touch, the sides of the leaves are different: one side is glossy, the other is matte and somewhat rough. The benefits and harms of rosemary Shrub flowers are 5–10 buds on the tops of branches with small flowers of pale purple or white-blue color. At the end of flowering, about 4 gray-brown nuts appear at the bottom of the flower bowl. Rosemary has a bitter taste and a tart aroma, reminiscent of basil, but closer to the smell of pine needles. What is the difference between thyme and rosemary Thyme is a small perennial shrub from the Lamiaceae family. It was first discovered in North Africa. In the descriptions of the ancient Greek philosophers, it is called incense, which means "fragrant substance." This genus is distinguished by many species distributed in Greenland and Eurasia. Unlike rosemary, this is a shorter plant 15-35 centimeters high, flowering not in spring, but in summer, in June-August. There are also differences in the leaves, rounded, occasionally elongated and small with a pubescent lower part. The size of the leaves does not exceed one centimeter. Thyme flowers, unlike rosemary, are bright: pink, purple or lilac, with a strong aroma. Composition and calories Rosemary is cultivated as an agricultural crop in Central Europe and the Mediterranean. The plant is known more as a spice in cooking, where shoots, flowers and leaves are used. Compound: B9, A, C, E, PP are vitamins that make rosemary beneficial to the body. Minerals, namely: sodium, potassium, calcium, iron, as well as magnesium, fiber and various essential oils - the chemical composition of rosemary is surprising. Myristic, caprylic, as well as oleic, rosemary, palmitic, useful ursolic, lauric and linoleic - such is the variety of organic unsaturated acids in this plant. Thanks to isoleucine, phytosterols, phytoncides, threonine, carnosol, valine, lysine, rosemary tannins, flavonoids, in particular apigenin and luteolin, rosemary can be called a "living pharmacy". Rosemary contains: 100 grams of spice accounts for 161 kcal., 5.5 grams of protein, 7.7 grams of lipids and 23 grams of carbohydrates. Useful properties of rosemary Being a truly medicinal plant, today rosemary is popular on all continents as a healthy and fragrant seasoning. From time immemorial, the leaves of this evergreen plant have been used to treat ailments, and on their basis, medicinal teas, alcoholic infusions, and inhalation decoctions are made. The usefulness of rosemary has been proven by many experts. Useful properties of rosemary For women Regular use of spices has a beneficial effect not only on the genitourinary system, but also on the important reproductive function of the female body. Women's susceptibility to headaches, migraines, neurological symptoms, such as frequent mood swings during the day, stress and depressive conditions, can be eliminated by regular use of an easy-to-prepare rosemary decoction (read the recipe below in our article). The plant provides effective assistance to women who have problems associated with premenstrual syndrome. Thanks to the intake of herbal tea with rosemary, mint and St. John's wort, hormonal fluctuations and headaches are reduced. There is evidence that the seasoning is able to normalize the menstrual cycle and restore it in the absence of menstruation for a long time. In the fight against candidiasis, which women often suffer from, effective help is provided by douching with a decoction. For men If there are problems with the activity of the genitourinary system and reproductive function in men, then with regular use of the spice, everything returns to normal. Rosemary has long been used in the treatment of prostatitis, cystitis, orchitis and other problems with men's health. It also helped to improve potency, was actively used by men to prevent impotence, the so-called andropause, that is, it coped with the signs of natural aging of a man. A decoction of rosemary, immortelle, as well as dried sage, birch buds, which is consumed 20 minutes before a meal, or antibacterial warm hygienic baths from such a decoction have a very beneficial effect on the male body. Rosemary also boosts male libido as it is an aphrodisiac. During pregnancy Natural seasoning has a beneficial effect on the body of a pregnant woman. Dopamine contained in rosemary helps to reduce stress and improve the mood of the expectant mother. Massage with rosemary oil relieves pain in the back, lower back, reduces swelling in the legs, and reduces signs of nausea. For disinfection of the air and the destruction of staphylococcus aureus, yeast fungi and other microbes, along with aromatic natural rosemary oil, the systematic use of an aroma lamp is also useful. Attacks of bad mood, fatigue of a pregnant woman will disappear if you add 5 ml of rosemary oil to the water while taking a bath. Such baths are useful for maintaining the normal condition of the skin and hair. It must be remembered that rosemary can be toxic if consumed excessively. When breastfeeding Rosemary is a natural remedy that has a beneficial effect on lactation during breastfeeding. It is also indispensable in cases where an insufficient amount of milk is produced. A woman during breastfeeding can use rosemary to prevent migraines, dizziness, insomnia, and colds. This herb will have a beneficial effect on her body. For kids Rosemary is useful for children over 4 years old. It will benefit primary school students experiencing concentration problems. The microclimate in an apartment where there is a child will become better if you use rosemary oil in an aroma lamp as an antiseptic that destroys pathogens. Many traditional healers use rosemary in the treatment of skin diseases in a child, to heal wounds and reduce pain. Compresses, ointments, prepared on the basis of this plant, help with neuralgia, various kinds of boils, severely festering wounds. Drops of natural essential oil of rosemary, applied to the temples of a child with SARS / influenza with headaches, will quickly help to improve his condition. Sore throat is relieved by gargling with rosemary. Using the plant as an inhalant for asthma helps in relieving swelling and soothing inflammation in the throat. At the same time, it is important not to forget that you should seek advice from specialists. Rosemary stimulates blood circulation, can slightly increase blood pressure, and the natural essential oil used for rubbing will help get rid of the problem of cold hands / feet of the child. When losing weight Rosemary helps speed up the metabolism, so it is used as a means for weight loss. Green leaves or a pinch of dried herbs used as a spice can help you lose weight. A greater effect can be achieved by using, instead of large doses of rosemary, its water infusion a few minutes before meals. Thanks to this method, the daily dose of substances necessary for the body get in. Useful for weight loss, essential oil of rosemary. Applied to the skin, it enhances blood circulation, acting as a light drain, helping to break down fats. Due to this property of the oil, the volume of the body decreases, cellulite disappears. The content of carnosolic acid in the oil slows down skin aging. Wraps or baths with the addition of essential natural oils help to eliminate sagging skin. These procedures are effective in the fight against cellulite. A massage for weight loss will be more effective if one part of rosemary oil is added to the base oil. The essential oil used in aromatherapy helps to activate the centers of the brain responsible for satiety, which helps to reduce the feeling of hunger. Rosemary tea The taste and aroma of natural rosemary tea cannot be compared with those bought in a store. It not only tastes good, but is also very useful as a prophylactic for certain diseases. Such a drink can strengthen the immune system. Benefits of rosemary tea Studies have shown that the acids and antioxidants present in the plant prevent the destruction of neurotransmitters. The state of mind, memory, consciousness of a person largely depends on them. Tea with rosemary helps to restore memory, prevents the development of Alzheimer's disease, which is dangerous, especially for the elderly. The drink is useful for the development of concentration. Other useful properties are also noted: This is a special tea that helps improve blood circulation, relieve headaches, fight infections and fungi. The useful substances and trace elements present in its composition make up for the lack of elements in the body. In diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, rosemary tea plays the role of a prophylactic drink. For those who want to get rid of extra pounds, fragrant tea will provide an invaluable service, because thanks to it, metabolic processes in the body are accelerated. The drink also helps in restoring strength after an illness. Rosemary tea is useful in the treatment of skin conditions, including eczema. The antiseptic property of the tea is used to cleanse the body of pathogenic microflora, which are staphylococcal, streptococcal, fungal microorganisms. These microbes multiply in the body by feeding on the remains of undigested rotting fried or boiled food. The beneficial effect of rosemary tea on the liver, lungs, and respiratory system has been proven by scientists studying the effect of herbal remedies on the human body. People with back pain, muscle pain, rheumatism, osteoarthritis are more likely to tolerate the course of the disease if rosemary tea is included in their diet. No less remarkable is the fact that in the fight against oncology, this drink also has a positive effect. Since ancient times, the beneficial effect of this drink on the skin and hair has been known. Thus, rosemary tea is a drink that not only brings pleasure with its aroma, but is also very healthy. Rosemary Essential Oil: Properties and Uses No fewer merits than rosemary itself, has a high-quality essential oil extracted from the leaves of the plant by steam distillation. The oil is an almost colorless or slightly yellowish liquid of dense oily consistency, which has a pleasant saturated smell. There are no differences in the healing properties of rosemary and the product produced from it in the form of essential oil. Essential oil of rosemary The usefulness of the properties of the essential oil of this plant lies in its analgesic, antispasmodic, regenerative and even wound-healing effect on the body: This rosemary derivative has properties that help in the treatment of migraines, headaches of various origins, in the spinal region and with progressive rheumatism. Dissolution of stones in the gallbladder, improvement of choleretic functions, normalization of the liver - these are the features of rosemary essential oil. This oil is able to reduce the indicator of "bad" cholesterol, improve digestion, remove constipation and bloating. Improving cardiovascular activity, strengthening blood vessels, stabilizing pressure, helping to treat varicose veins - all this is also possible with the use of this therapeutic product. If you need to relieve eye strain, restore visual acuity, improve brain activity and memory, relieve mental stress, facilitate the process of perception, normalize brain functions in terms of concentration and memorization of information, then it is worth using this product. Rosemary oil can stimulate and strengthen the human immune system, help treat colds and flu. The beneficial effect of this product on the skin and the functioning of the sebaceous glands was noted in inflammatory diseases. With its help, dandruff is eliminated, baldness and hair loss slow down, nail and skin fungus is treated. Application: Both rosemary itself and the essential oil produced from it are beneficial for the female and male body. First, it helps to normalize the menstrual cycle and relieve the pain that accompanies it, the second is useful in the prevention and treatment of problems with impotence and frigidity. The presence of a wound healing and pronounced regenerating effect makes it possible to use the oil to accelerate the healing effect on scars left on the skin, deep cracks on the elbows/feet. Due to its psycho-emotional properties, rosemary oil is indispensable in the treatment of neurosis, the so-called chronic fatigue syndrome. People who are concerned about the condition of their hair, namely their loss, loss of silkiness or oiliness, are recommended to use masks using rosemary oils. Alopecia, or increased hair loss, the sudden appearance of dandruff, also, even simple care for the condition of the curls can also be an important reason to use this product for care. To do this, it is enough to add 2-3 drops to the shampoo or to the comb, preferably wooden, when combing. Twice carrying out such procedures within a week will lead to a positive result. Rosemary essential oil successfully solves problems with oily skin, its inflammation, the appearance of acne. Dermatitis, eczema, furunculosis, skin roughness, pigment spots of any severity will not resist the pressure of this oil. This product also works with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, colitis, bloating, cholelithiasis, elevated blood cholesterol, pathology of the heart and blood vessels. Taking 2-3 drops of ether dissolved in a teaspoon of vegetable oil orally twice a day will improve the condition of the body. It is worth remembering that the recommendations of a doctor are required. The tart, light woody notes of rosemary essential oil have made it one of the most popular aromatherapy oils. The positive effect of its aroma is used by specialists to improve the general mental state, mood of a person, clarify thoughts, increase concentration, strengthen memory, in particular, in case of amnesia. Headache, severe migraine, any nervous tension, a state of apathy, any neurotic periods in life - these problems can be solved if aromatherapy sessions are carried out at home using the natural oil of this plant. Such sessions will help if there is pain in the spine and joints, sexual activity is reduced. 3-5 drops in an indoor aroma lamp, 2 drops in aromatic medallions, 8 drops in warm water while taking a bath will have a positive effect. The use of rosemary in folk medicine The healing properties of rosemary have made it an important ingredient in folk medicine. Its leaves, stems, roots are used fresh or tinctures, decoctions, teas are prepared from them. Decoction Traditional medicine advises the use of rosemary decoction for respiratory diseases. To facilitate breathing, it is enough to take a strained broth during the day at least 3-4 times. To prepare it, use 2 teaspoons of raw materials, poured into a glass of boiling water. The drug will be ready after 20 minutes of boiling over low heat. Water infusion Rosemary in an aqueous infusion is used for pain in the joints, in the fight against excess weight, as a tonic. An incomplete tablespoon of crushed rosemary leaves, poured into a thermos, is poured with boiling water and infused for about one hour. The filtered preparation is used as directed before meals, one teaspoonful. Alcohol tincture Alcohol is usually infused with dried or fresh stems and rosemary leaves. This method of use is considered the most productive in folk medicine: the components that make up the plant are extracted to the maximum, and their effect is deeper compared to other folk remedies using rosemary. The concentration of the components present in the alcohol tincture predetermines the method of their application: inside or outside. To prepare the tincture, it is necessary to use dishes made of glass, ceramics or enameled. Flatulence, nervous disorders, loss of appetite, low blood pressure will be cured by a remedy prepared from 10 grams of dry and crushed leaves of the plant, filled with 100 grams of rakia or vodka, and infused for 10 days. The filtered liquid is recommended to take 30 drops dissolved in 20 ml of water three times a day, half an hour before meals. For pain in the joints, a tincture of 50 grams of fresh rosemary leaves and 250 ml of alcohol with a strength of 70% will help. After 10 days of storage in a dark place, you can rub the joints with this product, use it for compresses and instead of a lotion for treating problem skin. It is also possible to take the tincture inside with the same dosage as for flatulence. For prevention, an alcohol tincture of two tablespoons of rosemary, dry or fresh, poured with a glass of vodka and put in a dark place for 10 days is useful. During these days, it is necessary to shake the product periodically. The filtered liquid is stored in the refrigerator and taken 25 drops three times a day. Inhalations Rosemary helps as an inhalant in the treatment of coughs, asthma, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, loss of voice, to remove phlegm from the respiratory tract. A few sprigs of rosemary added to boiling water will help by inhaling the vapors first through the nose, then through the mouth for ten minutes and make breathing easier. Rosemary in folk medicine is considered one of the most effective means for the prevention and treatment of various diseases. In this case, the recommendations of experts should be taken into account. Rosemary in cosmetology Cosmetologists prefer fresh rosemary greens, essential oil, extract, infusion and decoction of dried leaves. Rosemary and various products with its use can be used not only to improve the condition of the skin of the face and hair, but also for the décolleté and chest, so that the skin in these places acquires velvety and elasticity. For the beauty of nails, baths of infusion of dry or fresh rosemary greens with one teaspoon of salt are very useful. After 15-20 minutes, wipe the nails with a napkin. For face The skin will look fresh if you lubricate it every day with freshly squeezed juice from rosemary leaves. After half an hour, the juice is washed off with warm water. In the absence of a fresh product, you can use an infusion of dried herbs, brewed in the amount of one tablespoon with 50 ml of boiling water. The agent that replaces the tonic should be replaced with a fresh one after two days. A mask made from a gruel of fresh rosemary greens mixed with cucumber, oatmeal, or the pulp of a fruit, such as a banana, is also useful. It is washed off with water after a quarter of an hour. Thanks to rosemary, the skin of the face is saturated with vitamins, it is rejuvenated, wrinkles are prevented, and metabolic processes in the epidermis are activated. To avoid reddening of the skin, itching, tingling, it is necessary to do a test, since the esters and camphor contained in rosemary greens can be harmful. Beautiful, well-groomed eyebrows are a decoration of the face. They will become thick if fed daily with freshly squeezed juice from rosemary leaves or wiped with a decoction of a dry product. For hair If you apply this spicy greens, hair loss will stop, dandruff, split ends, dullness will disappear. Brewed from dried or fresh shoots of rosemary, infused for a couple of hours, cooled and strained broth with regular rinsing of the hair will help make them thick and silky. Useful for hair will be decoctions, oils, juices squeezed from the plant, which can be rubbed into the scalp. There is a limitation for rosemary extract - it can harm the hair roots. Now it is clear that rosemary is a useful mean in cosmetology. Rosemary in cooking Culinary experts everywhere use the spice rosemary, which has a lemon-sweet aroma and a sharp-bitter taste. Italian, Greek, French cuisines, being the birthplace of this spice, use them in their many dishes. But the cooks of the Middle and Near East treat it with special adoration. The use of this spice is not restricted in any form. It is good in the form of both cut fresh twigs and dry crushed leaves. Freshly picked branches are more fragrant and richer in essential oils, which cannot be said about the dried product. True, it is more accessible at any time of the year, which cannot be said about a fresh plant. In addition to the fact that the spice is used to prepare snacks, hot dishes, sweets, pickles and even drinks, nutritionists advise using just a pinch of spice to speed up metabolism, as a result of which the water-fat balance is restored and the body is cleansed of toxins. To make the dish acquire a special flavor, you need to combine parsley, thyme, garlic, lemon, black pepper, chili pepper and marjoram with rosemary. But rosemary and bay leaf are not "friends" with each other. Where is it added in the form of seasoning Not all people can appreciate the aroma of this spice the first time, but those who have tried it more than once do not change their addiction. Given the other name for rosemary - "sea freshness", without a doubt, we can say that the spice in the form of seasoning is suitable for fish and meat dishes. Rosemary sprigs, added to the marinade, muffle the specific smells of meat, characteristic, for example, of poultry or wild game. The fish will become tastier if you add sprigs of the plant to it during baking. Prolonged heat treatment of rosemary does not deprive it of its rich aroma. Soup, sauce, boiled and stewed meat will absorb its aromas, regardless of the cooking time. Rosemary brings out the taste of cheese perfectly, so putting a sprig of rosemary in pizza or cheese soup will add a special charm to dishes. Beans, peas, mushrooms and root vegetables go well with this fragrant green. For some pasta dishes, rosemary greens will also be useful seasoning. Sprigs of this Mediterranean shrub can be used to flavor vegetable oil. Salads are dressed with infused oil, in which a small sprig of rosemary has been dipped. This is suitable for baked and stewed vegetables. Important! Rosemary as a preservative is recommended for use in canning and fermentation, because it is able to prevent food from spoiling. Doses of rosemary use depend on its condition. The rich smell of fresh greenery of the bush involves the use of no more than one small branch. The dried spice does not have a very pronounced smell, but, as culinary experts advise, one teaspoon of spice for meat dishes and marinades will be enough. Whatever the attitude of a person to this spice, one should observe the norms for its use in the preparation of various dishes. This spice, suitable for meat and vegetable dishes, mushrooms, sauces, soups, cheese snacks and pizza, should be added at the end of cooking, otherwise its bitterness will pass into food. What can replace Sometimes rosemary should be replaced with another spice due to its absence or due to an allergic reaction to it. Thyme is the first substitute for rosemary due not only to its external resemblance, but also to a more delicate peppery aroma. It will be a good substitute for soups, stews, cold dishes. Tarragon instead of rosemary is used only in dried form in meat, fish dishes, as well as dishes from eggs and poultry. Tarragon is also often flavored with vinegar. Savory is a spicy herb more typical for Bulgarian cuisine. Pork and poultry dishes will not get worse if they use savory instead of rosemary. Sage is similar to rosemary in its equally intense aroma. There is not much difference in replacing rosemary with sage in the preparation of poultry, some seafood and meat dishes. Culinary experts advise mixing sage with butter or cheese to improve the taste of some dishes. The aroma of marjoram is similar to that of oregano and thyme, so replacing rosemary with it in stews, sauces, soups, and salads is quite appropriate. By the way, unlike rosemary, not the plant itself, but the seeds are used in cooking. A teaspoon of such seeds will enliven food, add zest to salads, fish dishes. The most common substitute for rosemary in cooking is the bay leaf. Its aroma is more light, so the range of its use in the preparation of a wide variety of dishes is even somewhat wider than that of its "brother". Substitutes for rosemary include oregano and basil, which are available in dried and fresh varieties indefinitely. Lack of spice is fully replenished with other spices with similar properties and aromas. Harm and contraindications Excessive use of any product, even the most useful, is fraught with complications. Large doses of spices can cause an allergy to the product. An overdose can cause vomiting, intestinal cramps, coma, and even the appearance of fluid in the lungs. Excessive use of spices can lead to more than just a reduction in sperm count. Their density and mobility decrease, which can adversely affect fertility, that is, a person may lose the ability to reproduce viable offspring. If a person uses rosemary aimlessly, the result of such use of a spicy plant may be an itchy head, dermatitis, or redness of the skin. The plant and the products produced on its basis are contraindicated in large quantities for women during pregnancy and for those who are about to become pregnant. Rosemary's ability to influence blood glucose levels makes it dangerous in large doses for diabetics and those with elevated blood sugar levels. Rosemary requires careful attention and compliance with the norms of its use as a spice in food, as well as a cosmetic and medicinal product. How to choose and store rosemary Where to buy rosemary depends on the type of rosemary. So, fresh rosemary can be found in the grocery sections of the markets, and the spice from the dried plant is available in almost every supermarket. For self-harvesting of the product, the tender ends of the branches and leaves are selected. They are torn off gradually in the course of growth. The most favorable period for their preparation is the end of summer or the beginning of autumn. You can also buy rosemary in capsules with essential oil. Storing fresh rosemary does not cause any problems, because its properties are preserved for a long time even in the refrigerator. The dried plant is recommended to fall asleep in an airtight container and place in a cool and dark place. Proper storage guarantees the preservation of its properties for at least 4 years. Frozen branches and leaves of the plant do not lose their quality and retain their characteristic aroma. Rosemary at home For home growing rosemary, you can use seedlings from places where they are specially sold: shops and nurseries. You can sow seeds or choose a cutting from a growing shrub to plant. How to grow rosemary If the decision is made to seed cultivation, then the most successful time for sowing them is the beginning of spring. For at least three weeks, seed containers covered with glass or film should be kept in a refrigerator or in a room with a temperature not exceeding 7 degrees. If the seeds do not germinate, they should be re-sown. Germinated seeds can be placed in a room with a temperature not exceeding 12 degrees, watering moderately, without waterlogging. The cutting method of growing this plant is more common. Cut from an old rosemary bush, a young shoot up to 10 cm in size is freed from the lower leaves and kept for several seconds in a rooting enhancer. For the formation of young roots, the stalk is placed in a dark container with water. After the roots appear, the twig is planted in a flower pot and exposed to a sunny and warm place. To get a good bush, it is necessary to observe the light and temperature conditions: for summer - a south window, for winter - a cool window sill with 15 degrees above zero. To preserve rosemary leaves during the cold season, it is important to use artificial lighting. Summer watering of the plant should be moderate, and winter - sparse and only with dried soil. Seasonal top dressing will be useful for the plant. "Homemade" rosemary will become not only a useful spicy plant in all respects, but also a home decoration. Interesting Rosemary Facts This plant is considered an old-timer of the planet Earth. Ancient people kept a sprig of rosemary in the house, believing that this contributes to a happy, prosperous and healthy life. In their opinion, it gave eternal youth to those who used it for medicinal and cosmetic purposes. It was considered a talisman against bad dreams, misfortunes. The newlyweds received a plant branch as a gift as a symbol of a harmonious and prosperous family life. The ancient Greeks considered the plant a symbol of the mind and memory. Students of those years decorated their heads with a wreath of rosemary in order to successfully pass the exam and strengthen their mental abilities. Rosemary is a spicy shrub, an alien from the Mediterranean, it has gained popularity all over the world due to its versatile beneficial properties. Important: all information on the website is provided for informational purposes only. Before applying any of the recommendations, consult with a specialist. Neither the editors nor the authors are responsible for any possible harm caused by your own actions while reading and understanding in your way.
- Myrtle on the windowsill
Myrtle is a wonderful houseplant, famous for its medicinal properties. You can grow myrtle in the house, observing certain conditions. Find the right location for the tree, water and feed on time, do not be afraid to cut and form a beautiful bush. And you can not only admire a plant, but also use its healing leaves: add it as a seasoning to dishes, prepare infusions and compresses and just enjoy the amazing delicate aroma and wholesome atmosphere. Now get acquainted with the properties of myrtle and its application. In books on floriculture, myrtle is not given much space, but it is worth paying attention to. Conditions for growing myrtle Myrtle grows best in winter in cool, bright rooms, where it perfectly cleans the air, and in summer - on a balcony or in a garden. The earth for it is prepared from peat and soddy soil and sand, taken in equal measure. Pruning forms rounded bushes, garlands or trees with a stem and crown. Location The plant loves light and well-moistened fresh air. The pot is best placed near a bright window, in a cool and well-ventilated area. In cold winter, since the air becomes too dry indoor because of heating, the myrtle can lose its foliage. The soil A mixture of turf, humus, leaf soil and sand in equal parts is suitable. The soil reaction should be slightly acidic. Myrtle does not tolerate lime in the soil. Watering and feeding It is necessary that the soil is constantly moistened, while it is important to prevent stagnation of water in the pallets. Myrtle should be regularly sprayed and periodically give it a warm shower. It does not tolerate overdrying of the soil. In winter, watering is limited. From spring to autumn, once every 1-2 weeks, myrtle is fed with a complex fertilizer for flower plants. During the period of active growth, from spring to autumn, Myrtle needs timely abundant watering. In winter, with the onset of a dormant period, watering is reduced. If it so happened that you didn’t water the Myrtle in time, the soil dried up and the tops of the shoots drooped, take it to the bathroom and give it a warm shower. Thus, the plant will quickly receive the necessary moisture and recover. Reproduction Myrtle is propagated by seeds or cuttings. Semi-woody cuttings 6-8 cm long are deepened 2 cm into a mixture of peat and sand (1: 1), cover with a glass jar and place in a bright place without direct sunlight. Cuttings need about a month for rooting. Young plants are transplanted annually in the spring, then transplanted every 2-3 years. The flowering of myrtle, subject to the conditions, begins from 4-5 years. Pale white flowers with five petals and sepals and many stamens develop from the axils of the leaves on long pedicels. When the flowers are pollinated, black berries with a strong aroma are formed. Not only the flowers are aromatic, but also the leaves. When examining the leaves in the light, it seems that they are as if pricked with a needle. These are cavities filled with transparent essential oil. When transplanting, the root neck should not be deepened, as this can lead to damage to the plant by diseases and rot. Transplant Myrtle into a pot slightly larger than the one it was in. The root system during transplantation should not be much disturbed. It is enough just to remove the soil that is easily removed without touching the roots. Drainage should be poured at the bottom of the new pot. The new soil for myrtle should be with a neutral ph, loose, pass water well and dry out evenly, avoiding water stagnation. The young plant is transplanted annually in spring or summer. Air humidity Myrtle loves spraying, as well as watering from the shower. To increase the humidity of the air, you can put the myrtle on a pallet with wet expanded clay. Fertilizer Fertilize Myrtle once every two weeks in spring, summer and fall. Rest period and wintering Myrtle has a pronounced dormant period, and he needs to provide a cool wintering. The dormant period begins in mid-autumn and lasts until January. At this time, his foliage begins to fall off, and by the end of the year there may be very little of it left on the plant. However, you should not worry, since young leaves begin to appear from mid-January. In the spring, Myrtle actively starts growing. Trimming and pinching Cardinal pruning and crown shaping is best done in early spring. You can pinch the shoots during the entire growing season of the plant. Pinching off the shoots will make the tree thicker. Useful properties of myrtle It is known that the tree literally creates a healing atmosphere in the house, because it releases useful essential oils into the air - phytoncides. It is worth putting 1-2 pots of myrtle in the room so that the number of pathogenic microbes in the room is halved. In ancient times, they washed themselves with water infused with myrtle, believing that it gives freshness to the skin. Wine infusion of the fruits of myrtle was considered an elixir of health and vigor. Even a branch of myrtle, plucked along the way, seems to give vigor and strength to the traveler. That is why in the old days, going on foot on a long journey, they took with them a branch of myrtle or put a ring made from it on their finger. The spectrum of the medicinal use of myrtle is very wide. Myrtle is used against influenza, for its prevention, as well as for the treatment of complications after influenza, as it acts gently on the body. It is especially good to give to children with allergies, when antibiotics are contraindicated. Given the excellent phytoncidal, bactericidal, immunostimulating properties of myrtle, its infusions, tinctures and dry leaves are successfully used for the following diseases: bronchitis, asthma tuberculosis, diphtheria, sinusitis, diseases of the heart, blood, throat, bones, brain, including epilepsy, treatment of many diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, including dysbacteriosis, diseases of the abdominal organs, especially those of the lower abdomen, such as cystitis, prostatitis, pyelonephritis, hemorrhoids. The most effective myrtle in the treatment of: sinusitis, allergies, diseases of the blood, intestines, with diseases of the bronchi, lungs. The positive effect often appears quite quickly. Myrtle: recipes and uses Herbal preparations from myrtle in compliance with dosages can be used even in the treatment of children. As a medicine, myrtle is used in various forms. Myrtle tincture 1 part of myrtle leaves, pour 5 parts of 70% alcohol, keep in a dark place for 5 days. Take tincture 3 times a day 20 minutes before meals, 25-40 drops. This remedy acts as a very effective antibiotic, while it does not cause allergies and disbacteriosis and increases the body's resistance. You can also make lotions from tinctures for purulent wounds, burns, problem areas of the skin with acne. The infusion also has a high antiviral activity - it helps to get rid of herpes. In the south of France, it is customary to drink myrtle infusion to preserve youth. A recipe for making medicinal myrtle wine is known: Usually take 50-100 g of black myrtle berries (you can also use leaves or flowers instead) pour 0.5-1 liter of red wine, keep at least 15 days. Drink for 30-50 g. Decoction of myrtle leaves Pour 1 teaspoon of myrtle leaves with a glass of boiling water. A warm decoction is instilled into the eyes if conjunctivitis, cataracts. Fresh myrtle leaves For colds, flu, acute respiratory infections, chew 3-4 leaves of myrtle several times a day after meals. With a strong cough, bronchitis, tracheitis, wet myrtle leaves are rubbed with fingers near the face, inhaling a healing smell. This procedure also helps relieve depression and insomnia. Myrtle oil compresses With varicose veins, a compress of 6-7 drops of myrtle oil, diluted in a spoonful of oil, is applied to the sore spot. Myrtle seasoning Scientists say that in the inhabitants of the Mediterranean, the birthplace of myrtle, tumors are 100 times less common than in others, and perhaps this is due to the fact that myrtle is a constant seasoning for food, which strengthens the immune system. Adding a couple of myrtle leaves to food is not difficult at all, especially if the tree grows right in your kitchen.
Vitex sacred: medicinal properties and contraindications Vitex sacred is a unique medicinal herb that belongs to tree-like shrubs of the Lamiaceae family. People have been looking for effective healing plants since ancient times, and vitex is considered one of them. Traditional medicine also confirms its medicinal properties. Content: Chemical composition What it looks like and where it grows kinds collection and storage Medicinal properties of vitex sacred for women for men during pregnancy Vitex sacred in folk medicine with diseases of the stomach with mastopathy with infertility in women soothing herbal tea with amenorrhea with menopause to enhance potency for pain and insomnia with myoma with liver diseases Types of healing compounds infusion tincture extract decoction ointment Pharmacy preparations with sacred vitex vitex capsules cyclodynon mastodynon vitex (agnus-castus) vitex herb pharm vitex fruit agnucaston femicaps Contraindications for use Chemical composition The composition of the plant contains substances that are necessary for human health. Each of them has a specific effect on the body, so the plant is used for a number of diseases. Vitex sacred, еhe main substances are: Alkaloids. These are organic compounds that contain nitrogen. They are found in many plants, but in large doses they can be dangerous. In moderate amounts, alkaloids are distinguished by their ability to lower blood pressure and have a calming effect on the body. Therefore, they are especially useful in arrhythmias. Tannins. Also widely distributed in plants. May be used to treat certain bowel diseases. Due to their astringent properties, they are especially effective in diarrhea. Tannins are known for their anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects. Flavonoids. They are not in vain called the source of health. They are distinguished by the ability to strengthen blood vessels and improve the protective functions of the body. In addition, they have a positive effect on the cardiovascular system and have anti-allergic properties. Essential oils. Their structure is similar to hormones, so they have a positive effect not only on physical health, but also psychological. They are used to treat disorders of the nervous system and restore water-salt balance. They also differ in their ability to remove toxins from the body. They are often used in cosmetology due to their ability to improve the health of the skin and hair. Vitamins of group B. The plant contains riboflavin, which has a positive effect on the state of the nervous system. It is also famous for its ability to improve bowel function, takes part in the processes of metabolism and the absorption of other vitamins of this group by the body, strengthens vision and immunity. Vitamin A. Retinol is able to improve the functioning of the organs of vision, but, in addition, is responsible for the condition of the skin and hair. Dandruff, hair breakage, and skin problems are most often associated with a lack of this vitamin. It promotes collagen formation, preventing wrinkles and improving skin elasticity. For this property, it is highly valued in cosmetology. Magnesium. It is an indispensable element in the body, participates in a large number of biochemical reactions, improves glucose uptake and protein synthesis. It has an anti-inflammatory effect, is a protector in the body from infections. In addition, it plays an important role in maintaining a healthy cardiovascular system. Selenium. It is impossible to overestimate its role in maintaining the body healthy. Almost every organ needs it. It is distinguished by its ability to protect against viruses. It is also valued for its antitumor activity. Selenium is involved in the removal of heavy metals from the body and saturates the tissues of the heart with oxygen. It is also useful for the pancreas, stimulating the growth of its cells. Organic acids (formic, ascorbic, acetic). A person needs daily use of these elements. The daily requirement can reach 70 g. Fortunately, they are found in many plants. Vitex contains several varieties, but three are distinguished separately. They strengthen the immune system, saturate the body with vitamin C and have a positive effect on the skin and hair. Coumarins. In moderate amounts, they favorably affect the quality of the blood. However, it is a dangerous substance that, in large quantities, can harm the body. Therefore, you need to take the plant carefully. What it looks like and where it grows The plant looks like a powerful perennial shrub. Outwardly, it resembles a tree - a branching trunk at the bottom, and a lush crown at the top. The root system is pivotal, highly branched. This is a deciduous plant. The twigs of the shrub are straight, have 4 edges and are covered with dense pubescence. The leaves are both five-fingered and seven-fingered. The height of the shrub can exceed 4 m. Its branches are very strong and flexible, so vitex is highly valued in carpentry. Its rods are used for weaving baskets and garden furniture, and staffs are made from long and strong branches. In addition, all parts of the shrub have a pleasant aroma, which makes it an excellent honey plant. The flowers of the plant are small, collected in large spike-shaped inflorescences, have 5 petals and are painted in pale purple. The fruits are small, round in shape. When they appear, they are colored red, but as they ripen, they change to black, becoming like allspice. Sacred vitex originally appeared in the Mediterranean. To date, the shrub is common in North Africa, Southern Europe and Asia. It is mainly found in mid-latitudes and prefers temperate climates. The plant is completely unpretentious to the soil and can adapt to different types of soil, therefore it is often found on rocky and saline soil. Vitex also grows well on sandy lands and near water bodies, it is widely distributed on the banks of rivers and sloping mountains. Despite the plant's love for temperate climates, it is sometimes found in areas with cold winters. Mostly these are artificially grown plants. Moreover, if the winter is cold, the shrub completely freezes out. But in the spring, the root produces several shoots that can grow up to 2 m in height over the whole summer. During this time, the plant will also have time to bloom, and fruits appear on it. They can have time to ripen only in case of late winter. Kinds The Vitex family has a large number of plants, but there are several main ones among them: 1. Puriri. This evergreen tree grows in New Zealand. The height can reach 20 m, the tree has a light brown bark and oblong dark green leaves that do not exceed 12 cm in length. It is mainly found at altitudes up to 600–700 m above sea level. The flowers are red in color and rarely exceed 3.5 cm in diameter. It is mainly found in the northern part of the island. The fruits of the tree are very loved by insects and birds. Aborigines prepared infusions from parts of the plant, which had an analgesic effect. 2. Vitex three-leafed. Semi-shrub 3 m in height, has a pleasant aroma. Young shoots have dense fluff that falls off as they age. The leaves are oval, can reach 18 cm in length. The flowers are bluish in color, have 5 leaves and are collected in spike-shaped inflorescences. The flowering period falls in July. In the wild, it is found along the shores of water bodies. The Chinese have used it since ancient times to treat many diseases. The leaves of the plant are used to combat worms, they also have anti-inflammatory and antiviral effects. Collection and storage For medicinal purposes, all parts of the plant are used, with the exception of the roots. Therefore, it is important to know how to collect them correctly and when. Each part of the plant is harvested at different times of the year. For example, flowers should be collected directly during the flowering period, and leaves and stems should be collected in early spring, when the snow melts. At this time of the year, they contain the most nutrients. Fruits are harvested only after full ripening, that is, at the end of autumn. Also, some recipes require the addition of shrub bark. It is harvested in early spring when there is more juice in the tree. The leaves and flowers are collected whole, the branches must be chopped into small pieces after the cut. Then the raw material must be dried. It is best to do this outdoors, spreading a thin layer on any canvas in the shade of a tree. If this is not possible, you can dry the Vitex in the attic or in another dry room away from direct sunlight, stirring the raw materials from time to time. It is also important to provide access to fresh air. For harvesting fruits, you need to use special dryers, since it is important to pump moisture out of them with high quality. It is recommended to dry the fruits at a temperature not exceeding 40 degrees. All parts of the plant should be stored in tight cloth bags, in which case it will be stored longer. Typically, the shelf life of harvested raw materials is 1-2 years. It is also important to remember that each part must be placed in a separate bag. Medicinal properties of vitex sacred The beneficial properties of the plant were discovered not only by folk healers, but also by physicians. German scientists conducted a series of studies to determine its positive qualities and contraindications. As a result, they found that vitex has the property of enhancing the secretion of sex hormones. It also turned out that drugs based on this plant can replace most antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory drugs. The plant has shown its sedative, antifungal and analgesic properties. In folk medicine, it is often used to relieve pain from wounds that do not heal for a long time. Vitex is able to lower the level of prolactin in the body. It is considered a stress hormone. The plant improves the general emotional state of a person and negatively affects sex hormones. In folk medicine, infusions are prepared, which are distinguished by a tonic. They are able to strengthen the immune system, protect the body from viruses and improve work of the gastrointestinal tract. The plant is also used in therapy for the treatment of diseases of the liver, spleen and pancreas. For women Vitex is useful for the beautiful half of humanity. The plant is widely used in gynecology. Vitex-based preparations are used to improve the secretion of hormones responsible for the normal functioning of the reproductive system. It is also used to treat diseases caused by hormonal failure, such as polycystic and endometriosis. Preparations based on it are prescribed in the absence of menstruation, mastopathy and even infertility. Medicines based on Vitex show themselves well in menopausal and menstrual syndrome. The plant is able to alleviate the condition of a woman during these periods. For men Vitex has been used to treat male problems. Even in ancient times, the rich, who had herbalists at the court, turned to them for help in case of some male problems. They knew all the secrets of plants and could always help. Vitex was one such remedy. This plant can normalize the hormonal balance in the body. It is used to improve the sexual function of men. The plant is especially valued for its ability to lower prolactin levels. Male infertility is often caused by an increased content of this hormone - in large quantities it can reduce the number of spermatozoa and their activity. For these purposes, tincture from the fruits of the plant is used. Plant-based extracts are similar in their effects to Viagra and help with male impotence. During pregnancy During pregnancy, this plant is used only in traditional medicine. Traditional healers use it to protect against miscarriage. The plant can be useful during breastfeeding, as it helps to improve lactation. Also, during pregnancy, the hormonal background often “jumps”, so Vitex-based preparations can come in handy. However, in official medicine, it is not recommended to use it, since it can harm the fetus and woman, especially when taking other drugs. Therefore, self-medication is not worth it. Vitex sacred in folk medicine In folk medicine, the plant has found a wider application than in the official one. It is used to treat women's diseases, stomach problems and enhance potency. The medicine also helps with infertility. For diseases of the stomach This recipe is aimed at treating stomach problems, but it can also be taken for diseases of the liver or spleen. For this purpose, a tincture of the fruits of the plant on vodka is used. To prepare the tincture, you need 50 g of Vitex fruits and 0.5 liters of vodka. Chop the fruits thoroughly, transfer to a glass container and pour vodka. Close the lid tightly and put in a dark place for 14 days. Approximately once a week it is necessary to shake the tincture. After 2 weeks, get the tincture, strain through fine cheesecloth. Then dilute 10 drops of tincture in 2/3 cup of water and drink half an hour before meals. The course of such treatment can last up to 2 months, after which it is necessary to take a break. After 1-2 weeks, the course of treatment can be repeated. With mastopathy With this problem, take Vitex extract for alcohol. It helps seals dissolve. Also, the extract can help alleviate depression and neuroses. It can also be used for liver diseases and even disorders in the gallbladder. For cooking, you need 50 g of Vitex fruits and 200 ml of medical alcohol. Grind raw materials, then pour alcohol and put in a dark place for 15-16 days. From time to time you need to shake the medicine, and at the end strain. Drink the extract only in the morning, 60 drops 30 minutes before meals. You can dilute the medicine with water. The course of treatment is 3 weeks, after which you need to take a break. For infertility in women To improve the functioning of the reproductive system, a decoction of vitex fruits is prepared. However, before using the medicine, you should always consult with your doctor. Uncontrolled intake of a decoction can only make things worse if there is an individual intolerance to the medicine. To prepare it, you need 2 tablespoons of the fruits of the plant and 1 liter of water. Fill the pot with water and put the whole fruits in it. Bring to a boil and cook for 20 minutes over low heat. Then wrap the pan with a warm blanket and keep the broth for another 40-50 minutes. Strain the liquid and consume 1/2 cup 4 times a day, regardless of meals. Treatment should begin during the second half of the cycle and continue until the start of the next. The course of treatment can be 80-90 days. Soothing herbal tea Such a collection can help with insomnia, neuroses, as well as heart failure. To prepare it, you need to take vitex leaves, lemon balm, mint and hops, mix them in a 1: 1 ratio (usually 1 tablespoon is enough), chop and mix thoroughly. Then take 20-30g of the finished collection and pour a glass of boiling water. Then cover with a lid and leave to infuse for 1 hour. Strain and take the contents of a glass 5 times a day, regardless of meals. With amenorrhea Amenorrhea is a disease that is accompanied by the absence of menstruation for up to 6 months. For its treatment in folk medicine, a tincture of wine made from vitex leaves and seeds is used. But before use, a consultation with a doctor is required, the tincture should be taken only with his permission. For cooking, you need leaves (25 g), seeds (25 g) of vitex and dry red wine (0.5 l). Raw materials must be crushed to a state of powder, and then poured with wine. Then put to infuse for 1 month, so the medicine should be prepared in advance. After 30 days, strain through a dense cloth or gauze folded several times. Drink the medicine 25-30 ml 30 minutes before meals 3 times a day. The course of treatment should not exceed 6 months. With menopause Prepare an infusion based on herbal collection with vitex leaves. Such an infusion can relieve the discomfort caused by menopause. Also, this remedy helps with insomnia, neuroses and effectively stops inflammatory processes in the body. To prepare it, you will need vitex leaves (2 tablespoons), hops (8–10 cones), mint (10 g), lemon balm (10 pcs.), A glass of water. Finely chop all the ingredients, then mix. Separate 3 tbsp. collection and pour a glass of boiling water. Cover the glass with a lid, keep for an hour and strain. Drink infusion of 1/4 cup 4 times a day, regardless of meals. The course of treatment should not exceed 2 weeks. To enhance potency Folk healers recommend drinking a tincture of vitex fruit in case of loss of male power and infertility. Also, due to its anti-inflammatory properties, it is recommended to take it for prostatitis. To prepare it, you need 2 tbsp. vitex fruits and 1 liter of alcohol. First, grind the fruits to a state of powder, this can be done with a rolling pin. Then pour alcohol in a glass container, close tightly and put in a dark place for 2 weeks. After 14 days, strain and drink 20-25 drops twice a day. It can be mixed with water in a ratio of 1:4. The course of treatment is 60 days. For pain and insomnia For this, a herbal collection based on vitex leaves is used. It has a sedative effect and helps relieve spasms. It can also be used for some gynecological diseases, but with the permission of a doctor. To prepare it, you need raspberry, vitex, mint, currant and honeysuckle leaves. Take 1 tsp of each plant, grind and mix thoroughly. Then pour a glass of boiling water in a tightly closed container, wrap with a thick towel and leave for 1 hour. Drink a day for 1/5 cup 5 times a day, regardless of the meal. With myoma Vitex is used to treat fibroids and other benign tumors in the uterus. However, it should be remembered that self-medication can be dangerous. Also, you can not use Vitex along with hormonal drugs. For cooking, you need 1/2 cup of the fruits of the plant and 0.5 liters of vodka. Transfer the whole fruits into a glass jar, then pour vodka and close the lid tightly. Put in a warm and dark place for 3 weeks, stir occasionally. Then filter the prepared medicine and drink 30 drops twice a day before meals. Also, this tincture can help get rid of acne that appears due to hormonal imbalance in the body. For liver diseases For this purpose, an alcohol tincture based on vitex fruits is used. To prepare it, you need to take 50-60 g of ripe fruits and pour 0.5 liters of vodka. Close the resulting medicine tightly and put in a dark place for 2 weeks. Approximately once every 3-4 days you need to mix the contents. Drink once a day 10 drops 20-30 minutes before meals. The course of taking the medicine should be no more than 3 months. Types of healing compounds Many medicines are prepared from Vitex in folk medicine. Craftsmen have even learned to make ointments. Infusion Vitex infusion is widely used in folk medicine, it is used for a number of gynecological diseases. Also, the infusion has a sedative effect and helps to get rid of neuroses and insomnia. It can be used on its own or combined with other herbs. It has an infusion and analgesic effect. In addition, in some countries, an infusion of the flowers of the plant is used and added to the bath in the treatment of skin diseases. To prepare an infusion from the leaves, you need to take 2-3 tbsp. raw materials, carefully grind and pour a glass of boiling water. Then cover or wrap and leave for an hour. Strain through a thick cheesecloth and drink a glass throughout the day in small portions. Leaving the infusion the next day is not recommended. You can also pour a glass of boiling water 3 tbsp. flowers. Then wrap tightly and leave for an hour. Then, when bathing, pour the contents of the glass into the bathroom. Tincture The tincture is mainly made from the fruit of the plant. Since they need to be harvested at the end of autumn, it is quite difficult for residents of the northern regions to collect them, because the plant is dying. However, some people buy harvested vitex fruits, or travel south to pick them themselves, because they are highly valued in folk medicine. The tincture has an analgesic effect, it is used to treat male and female problems. It effectively copes with impotence, is used to treat infertility, as well as for diseases of the stomach and liver. In addition, it can help with depression. For cooking, you need 30 g of fruit and 200 ml of alcohol, 40% pure. It can be replaced with quality vodka. First you need to grind the fruits, doing this with a coffee grinder, then pour them with alcohol in a glass container. Cover and put in a dark place for 2 weeks. Then strain and consume 1 teaspoon before meals. Extract It is also used to treat gynecological diseases and liver problems. It is prepared like a tincture, with the exception of alcohol. To prepare the extract, you need to take 50 g of fruits and pour them with 200 ml of alcohol, with a purity of 65–70%. Keep for two weeks in a dark place and consume no more than 60 drops every morning before meals. Decoction The decoction is prepared mainly for the treatment of infertility in women. However, its use is associated with risks to harm health, so it is better to consult a doctor. In addition, the decoction has a pronounced analgesic effect. It can be taken for joint pain or fractures. To prepare it, you will need 1 tablespoon of fruit and 0.5 liters of water. Grind the fruits thoroughly, then add them to a pot of boiling water. Cook over low heat for 20-30 minutes, then put in a warm place for 30-40 minutes. Filter the finished broth and take 1/4 cup 4 times a day. The rest of the broth can be stored in a glass container in the refrigerator. Ointment It is prepared on the basis of infusion of Vitex flowers. It is necessary to pour 2 teaspoons of raw materials with a glass of boiling water and leave for 30-40 minutes. Then cool to room temperature, strain and mix part of the tincture with honey so that the medicine retains a thick consistency. Such an ointment can help get rid of hives and even acne. It can also lubricate damaged joints. In addition, honey has a positive effect on the condition of the skin, making it supple and elastic. Pharmacy preparations with sacred vitex In pharmacies, you can find a large number of drugs based on Vitex, which are designed to treat women's diseases. The drugs are available in both tablet and liquid form. Vitex capsules The drug is considered a dietary supplement. It can be used even by vegetarians. The composition of the medicine does not contain gluten, it contains only natural plant ingredients. Therefore, an allergic reaction can be observed only in case of individual intolerance to Vitex. Capsules are taken twice a day, one at a time for mastopathy, cysts, and to alleviate the condition with PMS. Each capsule should be taken with at least a glass of water. Cyclodinone The drug is available in the form of tablets and liquid. It is prescribed to normalize the level of hormones in the body, as well as for menstrual irregularities. It is necessary to take 1 tablet or 40 drops every morning. The duration of the course of treatment is a maximum of 3 months. If after a month there is no effect, you should immediately stop taking it and consult a doctor. Mastodinon Based on several herbal extracts. This is a homeopathic preparation that is available in tablets and in the form of drops. It helps to get rid of premenstrual syndrome, mastopathy, menstrual irregularities. Assign 2 tablets per day - one in the morning, the other in the evening, or 30 drops each. The medicine should be taken before meals. Vitex (Agnus-castus) This is another dietary supplement made by Nature's Answer. The drug is available in the form of capsules, it can be taken only with the permission of a doctor. It is intended to promote women's health. It helps with infertility. The capsules contain crushed parts of the plant, which allows them to be absorbed by the body faster. Vitex Herb Pharm Available in the form of drops, in a 30 ml bottle, which is equipped with a pipette cap to correctly calculate the dosage. It should also be taken with the permission of a doctor. The medicine must be shaken before use and diluted in water. It is prescribed to drink it three times a day after meals. Drops help with infertility in both women and men. Constant use allows you to normalize the hormonal background and alleviate the condition with menopause. Vitex Fruit Another drug in tablets that allows you to maintain normal hormonal levels. The package contains 320 tablets. They have a pleasant berry aroma. It is recommended to take 1 tablet three times a day for the first 3 months, then reduce the dosage to 1 tablet a day. The drug is also prescribed for myoma. It is strictly forbidden to mix it with alcohol. Agnucaston Available in the form of drops and tablets. Indications for use are menstrual disorders and mastodynia. Take the medicine should be 1 tablet every morning during menstruation. In this case, the course of treatment is 3 months. Femicaps Dietary supplement with extract of many plants. It is prescribed to restore hormonal balance in women and relieve inflammation. It also has a sedative effect and can relieve puffiness from the face. The medicine contains magnesium and vitamins of group E. The dosage as indicated, it can be 2 tablets twice a day. Contraindications for use The benefits of the plant are enormous, but it is not without a number of contraindications. The main one is associated with allergic reactions to plant components. Also, in some cases, individual intolerance to raw materials and drugs based on it may be observed. The effect of the plant on pregnant and lactating women has not been fully clarified; you can find a lot of conflicting information about this. Therefore, it is better to refuse taking Vitex. It is forbidden to give Vitex to children under 12 years of age and to people who take hormonal medications, including birth control pills. Also, the plant can be dangerous if the dosage is exceeded. Long-term use may cause some liver problems or an allergic reaction. Therefore, between courses of taking Vitex, you must definitely take breaks. In case of an overdose, hallucinations, insomnia and even fainting can occur. But for such effects, you need to take too much Vitex. If you experience weakness, pain in the chest or head, you should immediately stop taking the plant and consult a doctor. In general, this is an incredibly useful plant. It has long been used in folk medicine around the world. It will be useful for the treatment of many diseases. In addition, vitex is an unpretentious plant, and you can try growing it in a greenhouse. Important: All information on the website is provided for informational purposes only. Before applying any of the recommendations, consult with a specialist. Neither the editors nor the authors are responsible for any possible harm caused by your own actions.
- Eucalyptus essential oil
Plant: Eucalyptus globulus Eucalyptus oil has analgesic and antiseptic properties, and is also an effective antiparasitic agent. However, keep in mind that eucalyptus can be dangerous for pets. PECULIARITY Used in pure form ACTION Antidepressant, antiseptic, analgesia, anti-inflammatory, antiseborrheic, regeneration, stimulation, sedative APPLICATION Aroma bath, aroma lamp, internally, for hair, for face, for body, massage, rinsing FLAVOR Woody, minty, fresh, strong NOTE Upper (resistance up to 30 min) OIL TYPE Essential SOURCE Leaves COUNTRIES OF ORIGIN Austria, Bulgaria, Germany, China, Russia, USA, Thailand, Ukraine, Switzerland, Japan Content: Aroma and properties of eucalyptus oil Application and benefits of eucalyptus oil Using eucalyptus oil for hair Applying for face care Benefits of eucalyptus oil for the body Aromatherapy with eucalyptus oil Can eucalyptus oil be taken internally? Contraindications and harm Aroma and properties of eucalyptus oil Most often, eucalyptus essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the leaves of the plant. It is the spherical eucalyptus that is the most effective in the fight against viruses and bacteria. However, on the shelves of shops you can see the oil of lemon and radiant varieties of this plant. They are also effective in combating pathogenic microflora. It should be noted that a sufficiently strong, tart aroma contributes to the speedy recovery of the body after illnesses. It also helps to cope with anxiety and stressful situations. The smell of eucalyptus is detrimental to insects and bacteria that are in the air. But human, the product affects in the most favorable way. It is a natural substitute for pharmaceutical antidepressants and sedatives. It is worth noting the strong inhibitory effect of oil on viruses. The anti-inflammatory effect of this remedy allows it to be used to treat a number of colds. Also, the product is able to quickly heal wounds and burns. It is perfect for people suffering from frequent headaches. The tool quickly eliminates this ailment. In addition, it is able to reduce high temperature - a fairly characteristic phenomenon in febrile conditions and respiratory diseases. Eucalyptus oil is also valued due to other properties: anesthetic; healing; deodorizing; restoring; antiseptic; fungicidal (fights fungus). Eucalyptus oil has a positive effect on the condition of aging skin and treats various inflammations of the dermis. Application and benefits of eucalyptus oil Eucalyptus essential oil can be used in many ways. It is suitable for: taking a bath; inhalation; massage; rubbing; ingestion (only on the recommendation of the doctor); indoor spraying; rinsing. Eucalyptus oil as an adjuvant is effective for the treatment of a number of diseases, including: - flu and colds (in such cases, it is advisable to spray the agent in the room where the patient is located, conduct hot inhalations and prepare rinse solutions); - pain in muscles and joints; - oxygen starvation (eucalyptus makes breathing easier); - with symptoms of SARS; - with angina and various diseases of the nasopharynx of an inflammatory nature; - periodontal disease and periodontitis; - skin diseases, wounds, burns, ulcers (it is necessary to carry out therapy with eucalyptus oil in the form of baths and compresses); - frostbite. Eucalyptus oil is successfully used in gynecology and urology, treating endometriosis, cystitis, urethritis and other inflammatory diseases of the reproductive and urinary system. It is also useful for patients with prostatitis. The tool is an excellent prevention of candidiasis and herpes. Eucalyptus oil can be used to lubricate insect bites. It quickly relieves itching, redness and inflammation. Household uses of the oil are not limited to insect control. With oil, you can get rid of pollution with resin, which appeared, for example, from pine branches. Using eucalyptus oil for hair Eucalyptus oil is good for hair. One has only to add it to a regular shampoo and use it regularly - and the problem with dandruff that once seemed unsolvable will be eliminated. In addition, when rubbed into the scalp, eucalyptus oil strengthens the hair follicles and prevents the loss of hairs. Treatments with eucalyptus make the hair healthy, well-groomed and envelop the hair with a light ringing aroma. Applying oil for face care In cosmetology, eucalyptus oil is used for various purposes. So, the mask with this oil perfectly whitens the skin of the face. The oil is especially useful for oily skin types. After all, the product regulates the secretion of the sebaceous glands, tightens pores, reduces inflammation and promotes the speedy healing of wounds. Tonic with eucalyptus oil will become an effective remedy for cleansing the skin of the face. Such a pleasant and refreshing way will help in the treatment of acne, give the skin a healthy radiant look. Oil will help against pigmentation, herpes and boils. Benefits of eucalyptus oil for the body In addition to therapeutic compresses for wounds and diseases of the musculoskeletal system, eucalyptus oil is used in mixtures for therapeutic and relaxing massages. The procedure helps relieve spasms in muscles and joints. Rubbing the abdomen, neck and chest strengthens the immune system, improves mental and physical activity. Aromatherapy with eucalyptus oil Aromatherapy with eucalyptus oil helps restore strength and recover from severe stress and serious illnesses. The oil stimulates the protective functions of the body and prevents depression. Ether has a positive effect on working capacity and mental ability, and is acceptable for use in all known methods of aromatherapy. Can eucalyptus oil be taken internally? Essential oil can be consumed orally, but only as directed by the attending physician. This decision cannot be made on your own. The remedy is recommended to strengthen the immune system, as an expectorant, to relieve spasms and stimulate the digestive tract. Contraindications and harm Eucalyptus essential oil is a fairly concentrated remedy and has a number of contraindications for taking. So, the product is strictly prohibited to use: during pregnancy; with high blood pressure; children under 6 years old; during chemotherapy and treatment with homeopathic medicines. Keep oil away from pets. If it comes into contact with the skin, the product can be harmful to the pet. Before use, be sure to test for an individual skin reaction to the composition of the essential oil. Make sure not to cause the allergies.
Hyssop: medicinal properties and contraindications Hyssop performs both medicinal and decorative functions. It grows well in almost any soil and, with minimal watering and care requirements, gives a good harvest, supplying plant owners with excellent medicinal raw materials for the treatment of many diseases. Content: What it looks like and where it grows Kinds Collection and storage Chemical composition Medicinal properties of the herb hyssop for women for men for kids Herb hyssop in medicine Types of healing compounds with hyssop juice decoction infusion tea alcohol tincture Hyssop oil: properties and uses properties application use in cosmetology Hyssop in cooking peppers stuffed with feta vitamin salad Blueberry pie How to grow hyssop from seeds Contraindications for use What it looks like and where it grows Hyssop is found in the wild in Europe and Asia. It continues to grow on hillsides, choosing stony, dry areas. But now rarely anyone hunts for a medicinal plant in its natural conditions, preferring to grow a fragrant and elegant shrub at home. It has been cultivated since ancient times. The medicinal properties of hyssop were well known in ancient Greece, using it in medicine, cooking, and cosmetology. The plant has several names, and depending on the region it is called bee grass or blue St. John's wort. Indeed, there is some external similarity, but experienced herbalists will never confuse these plants. For a wide range of applications, it is called a country doctor and they try to plant it in the corner of the site, especially since it looks really elegant. A low shrub reaches a height of 65–70 cm, numerous stems extend from a powerful root, covered with strong bark at the base and gradually thinning towards the crown. The leaves are arranged in tiers, elongated, narrow, with tips slightly bent inward. Flowering begins in July and lasts until September. The color of the flowers is mostly blue, rarely lilac or pink. Sometimes you can see white flowers, but they are considered an exception to the rule. The bush belongs to perennials, perfectly tolerates drought and harsh winters, every spring revealing fragrant leaves towards the sun. The leaves and flowers give off a strong spicy aroma that repels pests from the garden plot and attracts bees. Often it is planted around the apiary, collecting healing fragrant honey. Kinds There are few of them, only 3 varieties are known. 1. Narrow-leaved or medicinal hyssop is most often used to make decoctions, infusions and teas. Its flowers are collected in small inflorescences of 8-10 pieces. It is harvested as needed throughout the summer, from the moment the first buds open until the end of flowering, cutting off the upper half of the stems along with leaves and flowers. Hyssop planted in the garden lives perfectly in one place for up to 10 years, without requiring a transplant. 2. Cretaceous is named so for its predilection for soils with a high content of chalk. Belongs to rare species, listed in the Red Book. Differs from the ordinary in more miniature size and a lower level of decorativeness. The smell is sharp with a balsamic tint, the inflorescences have a cornflower blue hue. 3. Anise is very beautiful in appearance, it smells like anise. To enhance the smell, just rub the leaf lightly. It is sometimes called licorice mint for its specific aroma. It is easy to distinguish it from other species by purple spots on the leaves and the height of the stems, reaching 100 cm under favorable conditions. Blue flowers are collected in double dense inflorescences, open gradually, starting from the lower tier, and the bush retains a spectacular appearance until autumn. In cooking, tender buds and already blossoming flowers are used, which are added to salads, giving them a unique spicy flavor. It is worth considering: the species can pollinate when grown together, so it is better to plant them in different segments of the garden plot. Collection and storage For all varieties, the collection time and the principle of harvesting are the same. Much depends on the purpose of use. For fresh salads, leaves and flowers are plucked by hand as needed. For use in decoctions, it is better to start harvesting at the very beginning of flowering. If it is planned to store raw materials in crushed form, then it is better to wait until the flowering is in full swing, when the plant becomes most fragrant. It is not necessary to select parts of the hyssop separately. It is enough just to cut the stems and, having tied them into a broom, hang them in a shady, well-ventilated place. Important: hyssop contains a lot of essential oils. From exposure to direct sunlight during drying and storage, they disappear, several times reducing the medicinal properties of the plant. Finished raw materials are stored in linen bags. When grinding, it is more convenient to place the grass in containers with a tightly ground lid. The dried plant retains its original properties for 2 years. Chemical composition In small narrow leaves and bright inflorescences, many useful elements are hidden. Among them: • tannins; • flavonoids; • organic acids • bitterness; • essential oils; • glycosides; • resins; • gum; • vitamin C; • alcohols; • camphene; • cymol; • cineole. The composition includes biologically active substances that allow the plant to be used as a medicine. Medicinal properties of the herb hyssop Hyssop deservedly received the title of country doctor. It is used in many folk recipes as an anti-inflammatory, wound healing, disinfectant. It is also used to get rid of intestinal parasites, brewing as a tea. The smell is reminiscent of thyme and mint, has a calming effect, relieves excessive irritation, and prevents the development of depressive states. A powerful therapeutic effect is achieved in the prevention and treatment of disorders of the central nervous system. It is important that with a pronounced sedative effect, hyssop decoctions do not cause drowsiness and inhibition of reactions. There is an increase in memory, attention, ability to concentrate. For people suffering from frequent respiratory diseases, bronchitis, hyssop is useful for its antispasmodic effect. It dilates blood vessels, eliminates coughing, facilitates breathing, and has an expectorant effect. Essential oils during inhalation relieve inflammation, inhibit the development of pathogenic bacteria. During the period of application of herbal preparations based on hyssop, the secretory function of the gastrointestinal tract is established, the fermentation of juices is enhanced, a slight laxative effect is manifested, and bile circulation is established. The ability of the plant to accelerate regeneration, stop the reproduction of staphylococcal infection, prevent inflammation of wounds, and eliminate abscesses is very much appreciated. Decoctions, infusions and compresses based on hyssop recommend: • in diseases of the respiratory system, including asthma and tuberculosis; • fungal skin lesions; • increased emotional excitability; • hyperhidrosis; • rheumatism; • diseases of the genitourinary system; • frequent colds. Hyssop is perfectly combined with other herbal ingredients, honey, licorice root, berries and raspberry leaves. For women Decoctions of herbs relieve the acuteness of PMS and menopausal syndrome, improve skin condition, and slow down age-related changes. Extracts and essential oil have found their application in cosmetology. For men The plant belongs to natural aphrodisiacs, the tincture is prepared from flowers and white wine, where 1 liter of drink falls on 1 tablespoon of vegetable raw materials. The infusion is kept for 10 days in a dark, cool place. To fully dissolve the essential oils, the container is shaken daily. Take 50 drops 2-3 hours before bedtime. For kids Recommendations for use are general, the plant is effective in respiratory diseases and inflammatory processes. Children under 12 years of age should not use hyssop, unless the predicted benefit outweighs the possible harm. Herb hyssop in medicine The plant is included in the list of officially recognized, its properties are well studied. In folk recipes, it is used for the urgent removal of a hangover, eliminates tremor, nausea, returns the ability to think quickly and respond adequately to external stimuli. Decoctions are part of complex therapy for rehabilitation after operations, injuries, large blood loss. The use of the extract in strict dosages is practiced to prevent the development of senile dementia. In case of violation of the functions of the gastrointestinal tract, flatulence, dysbacteriosis, decoctions are able to restore beneficial microflora and activate intestinal motility. For women over 40 years old, it is useful to include herbal teas with hyssop to reduce the intensity of menopausal symptoms. Recipes 1. From a cough, hyssop is brewed in its pure form and with the addition of other components. Most often, for cooking, 1 liter of boiling water and 1.5 kg of sugar are taken for 100 g of dry raw materials. First, hyssop is poured with boiling water and covered with a towel for 30 minutes. Then filter, add sugar and boil over low heat until syrupy. 1 tablespoon of honey is mixed into the finished product. Take 4-5 times a day, 1 tablespoon of the agent to thin sputum, relieve spasms and ease breathing. For asthma, a decoction is prepared without sugar and honey. The proportions and mode of reception are the same. 2. With bronchitis, it is very important to regularly eliminate bronchospasm, leading to shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, constant coughing. To prepare the remedy, you will need 2 teaspoons of hyssop per 200 ml of boiling water, let the tea stand for 30 minutes, take 150-200 ml 3 times a day. It is best to prepare a new decoction each time shortly before taking. 3. From allergies, hyssop is used in the form of an infusion, observing the proportions of 2 teaspoons of flowers per 1 cup of boiling water. It is more convenient to make the mixture in a thermos, keeping it there for 2-3 hours. Reception is half a glass 3 times a day. 4. With menopause, hyssop is also effective for relieving irritability, insomnia, feelings of unmotivated fear, anxiety. It reduces the frequency and intensity of hot flashes, relieves headaches, and improves immunity. A decoction of 5 g of raw materials per 250 ml of boiling water is used. For a sustainable effect, medicinal tea is taken in a course 3 times a day, 120 ml warm 30 minutes before meals. The duration of treatment is 2 weeks. Then you need to take a break for 30 days and the course can be repeated. 5. To eliminate chronic fatigue syndrome and improve appetite, a decoction is also used. It is prepared from 5 g of fresh herbs and 400 ml of boiling water, kept in a water bath for 15 minutes. Drink instead of regular tea half an hour before meals. Types of healing compounds with hyssop Hyssop is used in the form of decoctions, syrups, water and alcohol infusions, extracts. Juice It is prepared from fresh ingredients. The grass is passed through a meat grinder, the gruel is squeezed through gauze or a layer of cotton fabric. Applied to eliminate a hangover, 40 drops, stirred in a glass of water. To reduce sweating, the juice is diluted with water 1: 1 and the armpits, feet and palms are wiped. Decoction Most often used for external injuries. The ratio of grass and water is 1 tablespoon per 100 ml. Raw materials are poured with boiling water, kept for 30 minutes in a water bath, then cooled to a warm state and filtered. Lotions, compresses are made from it, washings are carried out for cuts, wounds, inflammations, joint pains. Infusion It is stored no more than 24 hours, therefore it is recommended to prepare a fresh product before each use. It is used for problems with the gastrointestinal tract, as a diuretic, tonic for weakness of the heart muscle. 20 g of dried flowers are poured into 200 ml of boiling water, kept for half an hour, taken 2 times a day. Tea Brewed before use at the rate of 1 teaspoon per glass of boiling water, tea is kept for 5 minutes. You can add raspberries, honey, lemon. Taken as a tonic and firming, antimicrobial agent during the off-season. Recommended 1-2 cups per day. Alcohol tincture Its advantage lies in its long shelf life. A half-liter jar is filled with crushed hyssop and filled with vodka almost to the top. The container is tightly closed with a lid and placed in a dark place for 7 days. The recommended dosage is 30 drops up to 5-6 times a day. The tincture should not be used by pregnant, lactating, people with epilepsy or alcohol addiction, children under 12 years old. Hyssop oil: properties and uses The essential components of hyssop are highly valued. The cost of finished oil is high, but the benefits justify the money spent. You can buy oil in pharmacies and most often only on order. Production is very costly in terms of raw materials; in relation to the initial mass, the oil yield is only 0.2%. Properties The tool is used as an antiviral, tonic, antimicrobial. It can increase physical endurance, stabilize the emotional state, improve digestion, and stop inflammatory processes. It also has astringent, antirheumatic, antispasmodic, antipyretic, anthelmintic, expectorant action. Application The oil is used externally for inflammation, skin and joint diseases. Lotions and compresses are effective for hematomas, superficial skin lesions, acne, dermatitis. Essential oil is included in aromatherapy mixtures, massage compositions, added to the bath, effective for colds as an inhalation. The product is combined with sage, lemon balm, citrus, geranium, rosemary. Important: the use of essential oils in high concentrations is prohibited. Use in cosmetology The oil component, plant extracts are introduced into the composition of soaps, shampoos, creams and lotions. Decoctions and infusions for washing are indicated for acne, pronounced vascular pattern, dermatitis. Regular use improves complexion, reduces fine mimic wrinkles, accelerates regeneration in case of microdamages. Hyssop in cooking Spicy taste and bright rich aroma became the reason for the introduction of fresh leaves and flowers in salads, sauces, seasonings. It is part of complex seasonings for meat and fish dishes, pates, minced meat, sausages. In some recipes, it is recommended to add it to bean soup, stuffed eggs, sandwich mass, pies and dumplings, meatballs and stews. Rich and tart, hyssop is used to create world-famous drinks such as absinthe, Benedictine and Chartreuse liqueurs. Fresh and dried leaves are put in berry tinctures on alcohol and moonshine to enrich the taste, eliminate the smell of fusel oils. Among the recipes there are very original and easy-to-prepare dishes for every day or for special occasions. Peppers stuffed with feta For cooking you will need: • red bell pepper; • feta; • vegetable oil; • a mixture of spices, which includes oregano, thyme, sesame, hyssop 3-4 g; • salt. Peppers are thoroughly washed, the middle is taken out along with the seeds. Then the pepper is baked in the oven until softened and cut in half. A little feta is placed in each half, then the workpiece is folded in half or twisted into a tube. Then the halves are carefully laid out on a baking sheet, sprinkled with a mixture of spices, salted and returned to the oven for another 10 minutes Vitamin salad The dish is designed for lovers of unusual tastes, because the composition combines sliced watermelons, cream cheese, leek. The mixture is poured with a sauce of cream, black pepper, anise, fresh leaves and hyssop inflorescences, chopped herbs with a drop of apple cider vinegar. Blueberry pie Delicate shortbread dough is the basis on which the berry filling is laid out. They are mixed with some sugar and fresh, finely chopped hyssop leaves, which give the mixture a slight spicy astringency and an indescribable aroma. Bake for half an hour at a temperature of 180 degrees. The dessert is highly appreciated by adults and children, it is easy to prepare, takes little time and does not require special culinary skills. For the base, you can pre-purchase a frozen shortcrust pastry blank in the store. There are optimal dosages of spices for different dishes. About 0.5 g of dry grass is added to soups. For side dishes, meat and fish dishes, desserts and marinades, 0.3 g will be enough. Hyssop is in harmony with marjoram, fennel, basil, mint, parsley, dill. How to grow hyssop from seeds The plant is unpretentious to the conditions, and since it is a perennial, it is most often planted with seeds immediately in a permanent place. To do this, choose a small hill in a dry sunny place. In nature, it prefers rocky hillsides and does not tolerate close groundwater at all. In landscape design, it is used in mixed flower beds, in the design of alpine slides, as borders. Therefore, it is worth looking at the design options for the site and combining business with pleasure. Planting time is at the end of April and the beginning of May, after the end of the night cold. Seeds are mixed with sand and distributed in small grooves. The embedding depth should not exceed 0.5-1 cm, otherwise the germination time will be delayed by 1-2 weeks. If you sow hyssop in winter, the first leaves will appear as soon as the heat level is stable at +5 degrees. Special care is not required. One has only to remember that it is better to underfill the bush than to overfill it. Watering is carried out 3-4 times per season. You don't need any special feeding either. The ancestors of this plant did well without additional fertilizers, which was fully transferred to the cultivated species. It is enough to pour them with an ash solution, sometimes add nitrogen or complex preparations in the spring in a minimum concentration. If you give them too much, then the bush will begin to form an excess green mass at the expense of flowering. Pruning should not be neglected. It is carried out during the summer for the preparation of medicinal raw materials and in the fall for better wintering. It is more convenient to form rounded outlines of the bush. Then next year it will quickly go up. Sometimes gardeners try to grow hyssop in seedlings. Then the landing dates are moved to the end of March. Sprouts break through in 1–1.5 weeks, stretch quickly and require transplantation to a permanent place, so it is not worth sown too early in cassettes or peat pots. In one place, the plant successfully develops for about 5–7 years, then the soil becomes depleted, the bush becomes too large, it needs a transplant. At the same time, you need to divide the plant into several parts to rejuvenate it. Many gardeners try to plant a few bushes near the porch, under the windows or in the recreation area. The secret is simple - the smell is so specific to insects that even mosquitoes and flies cannot stand it, flying away from the bushes. Contraindications for use The plant has special properties that impose certain restrictions on its use as food or as a medicine. Decoctions and infusions of hyssop should not be given to pregnant women, it can provoke a miscarriage. Those who suffer from epileptic seizures, hypertensive patients will also have to choose another plant. In particularly sensitive people, hyssop in high concentrations causes allergies. With frequent convulsions, neuropathy, kidney disease and nervous diseases, accompanied by loss of consciousness, hyssop can provoke a relapse. Before using decoctions and tinctures based on hyssop, it is advisable to consult a doctor. Longer than 30 days, the course of treatment is not carried out. Then a break is made for a month. Fragrant and spectacular hyssop will be a wonderful decoration of the garden and a natural first-aid kit that will always be at hand. Important: All information on the website is provided for informational purposes only. Before applying any of the recommendations, consult with a specialist. Neither the editors nor the authors are responsible for any possible harm caused by your own actions.
- What are Herbs for Health
You obviously can collect, dry and use herbs in your own way. However, it might be thoughtful to know the general rules and procedures for herbs products making. So, by reading, you can familiarize yourselves with basic information on the topic. Herbs are plants that can affect health. Most of the herbs in the world today are not harvested from the wild, but grown on plantations. This is a certified organic production, without the use of agrochemicals and mineral fertilizers. Those are plants grown in meadows, in a field without irrigation, in a field with irrigation, in a field with drip irrigation and covering the soil with polymeric materials, in film greenhouses, in glass greenhouses, in high-tech greenhouses with a fully controlled climate and automation of all processes. Medicinal herbs are grown by specialized agro-industrial enterprises. The cultivation of herbs is subject to basically the same principles that apply to other agricultural crops, but at the same time, the specific features of the cultivation of herbs must be taken into account. Each herb requires a specific approach and growing technology suitable for local conditions and soil fertility, taking into account the relief and microclimate of the field. Herbs can not grow near railways and roads, industrial enterprises, in a polluted environment. Planting and sorting of medicinal herbs is carried out in strictly established terms for a particular plant in the specific region. Sometimes it is required to acclimatize plants in places that differ from the natural habitat of these plants. Several plants are cultivated at once, most corresponding to local natural conditions. The varied composition of herbs makes the production process more complex. When seeding, it is required to take into account the best predecessors in the area. Predecessors improve the soil, reduce the weediness of the field, create a good seedbed in the soil, accumulate moisture reserves, increase fertility, reduce the number of pests and pathogenic bacteria. The soil must be cultivated in the best possible time. Growing plants are to be processed properly. Harvesting can be mechanized. Manual labor is possible during harvesting. It should be noted that some herbs are poisonous: belladonna, black henbane, dope, nightshade, etc. Admixture of these herbs to other plants is not allowed. Common herbal precursors are cereals and vegetables. A multi-field interleaved growing system can be used for success. The alternation of plants that differ in biological properties helps to reduce the spread of specific diseases and pests, and get a favorable change in the composition of the soil, and an increase in its biological activity. For the cultivation of perennial grasses that are grown for more than 4 years on the field, special fields are selected. Edible berries contain malic, citric and tartaric acids. For medicinal purposes, the leaves, berries, bark and roots of the plant are used. The leaves are also used for marinades, the berries for drinks, jams, marshmallows and sweets. Dried berries are often used as seasonings for rice dishes. When growing plants, the presence of potassium in the soil is important for obtaining roots, the presence of phosphorus in the soil is important for obtaining flowers and fruits, the presence of nitrogen in the soil is important for obtaining grass and leaves. It is not allowed the use of agrochemicals and mineral fertilizers. Before seeding, it is important to check the seeds for ability to germinate and germination vigor. Typically, the seeds of medicinal herbs germinate with difficulty. Stratification, fermentation, soaking, air-thermal and solar heating, scarification improve germination. Seeds are also treated before seeding to prevent pest attacks. The soil must be leveled and moderately moist before seeding. The seed consumption of some crops is higher because they do not germinate well. Sometimes planted seeds need to be shaded. Seedlings of plants require care, removal of weeds. This is often hand weeding. Timely irrigation is essential. It is critical to prune the plants. Harvesting of medicinal herbs most often occurs in dry sunny weather, during the period of maximum accumulation of active substances. Industrial harvesting is typically mechanized. When seeds and fruits of plants harvesting, plants are cut, stacked in sheaves, transported, dried. Rose hips and peppers are harvested at the stage of full ripening by hand or by special machines. Flowers are harvested by hand as they bloom. The leaves are harvested by cutting the plant and sorting. Grass in most cases is harvested in the phase of mass flowering. Then loaded into transport. The roots are harvested at the end of the growing season. Industrial harvesting of roots is carried out by special combines. The roots are sometimes washed and dried. Harvesting of inflorescences and leaves of annual herbs is carried out once every 2 years. Perennial grass is harvested once every 4-6 years. The roots are harvested no more than once every 15-20 years. Harvesting of rare and endangered plants is prohibited. When harvesting the roots per 1 sq. meter, 3-5 plants are left, the seeds are left in the soil. Drying herbs is the most simple and profitable to preserve herbs When the water content in the plant is 10-14%, the activity of enzymes in the plant completely stops, intracellular processes stop. Useful substances are preserved. Plants are dried in the shade, preserving their color and beneficial properties. There are several types of drying: - Air-shadow, under awnings, in attics. - Sunny, open air. - Artificial heat may be used for drying. The dryer must have strictly regulated modes. Before drying, the grass is crushed to a size of no more than 10 millimeters. There are many types of herb dryers available today. When naturally dried, the plants should be laid out in a thin layer on racks, with a distance of 40-60 cm, in a well-ventilated area. The first two days, plant raw materials are turned up and down. Raw materials containing essential oils are dried at a temperature not exceeding 40 degrees Celsius, in a thick layer of 10-15 cm, to prevent the essential oil from evaporating. Raw materials containing glycosides, flavonoids, polysaccharides are dried at a temperature of 50-60 degrees Celsius. Raw materials containing alkaloids are dried at temperatures up to 50 degrees Celsius. Raw materials containing vitamins are dried at a temperature of 60-70 degrees Celsius. Raw materials containing ascorbic acid are dried at a temperature of about 80 degrees Celsius. In the process of drying, plants lose weight: Tree buds - 65-70% Flowers - 70-80% Leaves - 55-90% Grass - 65-90% Roots - 60-80% Bark - 50-70% Plant fruits - 30-60% Seeds - 20-40% After drying, the plant material is brought to a state of full compliance with the requirements of regulatory documentation. Raw materials are sorted, impurities, defective parts are removed. This can be done manually or with the help of machines. Sorting takes place in a ventilated room as dust is generated. Purified herb materials are packed in waterproof bags. The purpose of packaging is to preserve the quality of raw materials during storage and transportation. All dried, purified herb raw materials are packed in clean bags, pressed into bales, and placed in plywood boxes. Each type of raw material corresponds to a special method of packaging. Leafy and herbaceous raw materials are pressed into bales. Seeds, fruits, roots are packed in bags. Flowers are packed in plywood boxes or bags. Depending on the physicochemical properties of herb materials, packaging made of polymeric materials can be allowed. Some plants are stored in glass jars. The packaging must also have a label or tag. The marking must have: Name of raw materials Weight Sender Recipient Quality check signature Packer's signature and packing date Date and place of collection, production Herb materials are stored in clean, dry, dark, cool and ventilated places. Each type of plant material is stored separately. Raw materials of poisonous plants are stored separately. Raw materials with a strong odor are stored separately. Flowers are kept in boxes. Fruits are stored in bags in a well-ventilated area. Grass, flowers are stored no more than 2-5 years Tree buds are stored 2 years Roots and bark are stored for 5-7 years Data is kept in records. The temperature in the warehouse should be 10-12 degrees Celsius, the humidity should not exceed 13%. Periodic monitoring of storage conditions is necessary. Personnel entrusted with sampling must be qualified. Quality control is carried out by specific methods.